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Md. Imrul Hasan
Md. Imrul Hasan

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How to create your own middleware for User Role in Laravel without using a package?

Step 1

create a middleware for role checking logic

~$ php artisan make:middleware RoleChecker
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Step 2

Middlewere/RoleChecker.php

public function handle($request, Closure $next, $super_adminRole, $adminRole,  $sellerRole)
{
    $roles = Auth::check() ? Auth::user()->role->pluck('name')->toArray() : [];

    if (in_array($super_adminRole, $roles)) {
        return $next($request);
    } else if (in_array($adminRole, $roles)) {
        return $next($request);
    } else if (in_array($sellerRole, $roles)) {
        return $next($request);
    }

    return Redirect::route('home');
}
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In the above code we assume that there are 4 types of users. Super Admin, Admin, Seller and Normal Auth User. We don't need to check the normal users in the middleware. So we are checking the remaining three Roles.

Step 3

Kernel.php

protected $routeMiddleware = [
    'roleChecker' => \App\Http\Middleware\RoleChecker::class,
];
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Here we added the middleware

Step 4

web.php

middleware(['roleChecker:super_admin,admin,seller']);
middleware(['roleChecker:super_admin,null,null']);
middleware(['roleChecker:null,admin,null']);
middleware(['roleChecker:null,null,seller']);

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Use any of above code snippet to set middleware on any Route

Note

  • When you set null to any of these three roles, it means, that role is restricted. So if middleware(['roleChecker:null,null,seller']);, Then only seller can access...

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