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Another great article about git on dev dot to.

Every statement was simply understandable for me except this past commit would be the parent of our current commit. That I don't get what the current commit is here? If we have moved to the last but one commit isn't it the current commit? It's like saying the current commit is the parent of itself.

I really appreciate if someone could shed light on this.

 

thanks, and sorry for that section it was not clear indeed! Allow me to try again:

As we have moved our HEAD one commit to the past, this means that any other commit which was the future of that past point is not pointed by the graph anymore - assuming we make new commits to that HEAD~ parent commit. This means we are not appending only to the git history we are changing the history, taking parents (in our case HEAD~ and with a new commit we give it a different child than it had). For example if we move one commit to the past with HEAD~ and start commit from there the commit from the original HEAD (which was the child of HEAD~) would not exist anymore in the standard history log. So if anyone else had that child HEAD commit and used it to create new commits (new children for this HEAD commit, HEAD + 1 you could call it) it would create problemns (ofcourse assuming we share our history rewrite with him).

So after we do git reset and go back one commit in our local repo, we usually are then making local fixes in our working directory and then we commit. This commit is a new commit but it has the same parent as the commit that we are fixing, so children are possibly different for us and for others who already have this same snapshot of the repository before our change.

 

So I tried to understand what tilde ~ symbol means in git and found a good article explains it.

git caret and tilde.

In short version, HEAD points to current commit, HEAD~1 points to one commit before(parent). HEAD~ is a shorthand for HEAD~1.

what the current commit is here?

Always HEAD points to the current commit.

If we have moved to the last but one commit isn't it the current commit?

Yes. Now HEAD points to the commit (which was last but one earlier)

It's like saying the current commit is the parent of itself.

No. Always HEAD~ points to the first parent commit.

The article explains the usage of ~ symbol a bit more.

 
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