GitHub is industry-standard version control and publishing platform for web developers. GitHub is the place where developers store the code. It is the best place to share code with friends, co-workers, classmates, and total strangers. For understanding GitHub, we should understand about “Git.” “Git” is version control system, which means that whenever the developer creates something and make changes to the code or release new versions, anyone can keep track of all the modifications in a central repository.
Git provides three key areas that are uniquely designed, to give developers lots of control over workflow:
- A working directory, which contains all the current states of files. Numerous developers can access directory when they are logged in, so collaboration is extremely easy.
- Staging area, which indexes everything for the next commit, and any files that have been added or edited since the previous save.
- Git repository is a dedicated space where new commits are added. A Git repository maintains all the metadata, the files, and a dedicated database that tracks versions of the project.
With proper importance given on speed, data integrity, and excellent support for distributed, non-linear workflows, GitHub provides excellent standards for remote digital teams. In addition, Git is convenient for working offline or without a VPN (virtual private network), making it easy for the developers to work on the move and stay productive at will. Small & medium enterprises that are involved in building sites rapidly and prototypes for their customers, GitHub is the most efficient, safe and seamless way to get projects reviewed, approved, and signed off or on. GitHub provides the most cost-effective module in any business.
How to use Github
The use of GitHub can be explained in the following steps.
- Install git and create a GitHub account.
- Create a local git repository.
- Add a new file to the repo.
- Add a file to the staging environment.
- Create a commit.
- Create a new branch.