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Avoid Ambiguous Column Eloquent Query Exception in Laravel

arielmejiadev profile image arielmejiadev ・1 min read

Scenario: you have some relationship and you want to get only a few columns.

Models:

User:

public function teams()
{
    return $this->belongsToMany(Team::class);
}
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Team

public function users()
{
    return $this->belongsToMany(User::class);
}
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Then you can attach users to teams like this:

Team::users()->attach(auth()->user());
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and now you can get a collection of users by teams like:

$users = Team::users;
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Ok here all fine, maybe you need to pass data to an API or just to a view but, User model has sensitive data or maybe your User model is huge and its a better approach to get only the data that you need, maybe you want the name and email only, you are probably doing something like this:

$team = Team::first();
$team->users()->select(['name', 'email'])->get();
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Here you would see some eloquent exception, this is because the User model has a column name and Team model could have a column name too, but dont worry like all in Laravel is really easy, just be explicit with the table and the columns that you need:

Team::users()->select(['users.name', 'users.email'])->get();
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The same idea apply when you need to add a "where" method:

Team::users()->where('users.email', $request->get('email'))->get();
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arielmejiadev profile

arielmejiadev

@arielmejiadev

Fullstack/Mobile developer, Laravel and Flutter enthusiast.

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