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Engincan VESKE
Engincan VESKE

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Asp.Net Core - Deferred Option Pattern

Hello to everyone,
In this article, I will try to explain how we can define the settings in our applications in a deferred way by using the IConfigureOptions<TOptions> interface.

In an application I am developing, I decided to add the sitemap.xml file, thinking that adding the sitemap.xml file would give good results so that the links of the relevant website would be better indexed and produce more efficient SEO scores. Later on, while I was browsing whether there were packages that I could easily configure the sitemap.xml and robots.txt files to add to the application, I came across a package named Winton.AspNetCore.Seo. Thanks to this package, I was able to add the sitemap.xml file to my application simply by specifying the relevant urls.

Then, by examining the documents of the relevant package, I could simply view the URLs of the relevant website statically on the /sitemap.xml route. While performing this operation,

I created a simple web application and then I started to make the necessary settings by installing the Winton.AspNetCore.Seo package on the relevant web project. First, I defined the appsettings.json file with the links I wanted to appear on the /sitemap.xml route. Likewise, it is possible to make settings in the robots.txt file too.

{
  //...
  "Seo": {
    "Sitemap": {
      "Urls": [
        {
          "Priority": 1,
          "RelativeUrl": "/article/what-is-new-in-csharp"
        },
        {
          "Priority": 1,
          "RelativeUrl": "/article/dotnet-5"
        }
      ]
    },
    "RobotsTxt": {
      "AddSitemapUrl": true
    }
  },
  //...
}
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  • Then I updated the ConfigureServices method in the Startup.cs file as follows. In this way, I applied the process of defining the dependencies (dependency registration) required to be able to use the relevant package.
public class Startup {
  //...
  private IConfiguration Configuration { get; }

  public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services)
  {
    services.AddSeo(Configuration);

    services.AddSeoWithDefaultRobots(options =>
    {
      options.Urls = new List<SitemapUrlOptions>
      {
        new SitemapUrlOptions { Priority = 1, RelativeUrl = "/article/what-is-new-in-csharp" },
        new SitemapUrlOptions { Priority = 1, RelativeUrl = "/article/dotnet-5" }
      };
    });
  }

  //...
}
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  • Later, when I ran the application and navigates to the /sitemap.xml and /robots.txt routes, I saw that the relevant links were listed as defined in appsettings.json.

sitemap.xml

robots.txt

  • After performing these operations with a simple configuration, I can address the scenario I want to realize.

  • What I want to achieve at this point is to get the relevant links by calling the service that returns the relevant links in my application, and to list the relevant links in the /sitemap.xml file thanks to the "Option Pattern" so that search engines can better index the relevant links.

  • The first thing that comes to my mind is: I need to call the relevant service in the ConfigureServices method, access the IServiceProvider somehow, and call the methods of that service by resolving the relevant service (to use the services), and finally (services.AddSeoWithDefaultRobots(options => { … })) I needed to specify these links as options where I defined the method.

public class Startup {
  public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services)
    {
        //...

        services.AddSeoWithDefaultRobots(  
            options =>
            {
                var scopeFactory = services
                    .BuildServiceProvider()
                    .GetRequiredService<IServiceScopeFactory>();

                using (var scope = scopeFactory.CreateScope())
                {
                    var provider = scope.ServiceProvider;
                    using (var myService = provider.GetRequiredService<MyArticleService>())
                    {
                        options.Urls = myService.GetBlogPostLinksAsync().Result;
                    }
                }
            });

        //...
    }
}
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  • In this case, when we examine the related method, we can see that the ConfigureServices method, whose main purpose is to register the related dependencies to the container, is out of its definition, and also that unnecessary code crowds are formed. At this point, I came to the idea that I should find another solution and perform the relevant Options after Dependency Registration processes are finished (in other words, delayed configuration (referred configuration)).

  • Later, while researching on this subject, I came across an article from Andrew Lock. When I examined the article in detail, I saw that we encountered the same situation (we came to the same conclusion) even if the scenario we wanted to realize was different, and I encountered the IConfigureOptions interface. When I examined this interface, I saw that it provided the situation I wanted to realize, that is, by injecting the services I wanted, I could simply define the results I obtained for the Options I specified. And I started to the related refactoring business.

  • For this, I first defined a class called SeoConfiguration and implemented the IConfigureOptions<SeoOptions> interface as follows.


public class SeoConfiguration : IConfigureOptions<SeoOptions>
{
  private readonly IArticleAppService _articleAppService;

  public SeoConfiguration(IArticleAppService articleAppService)
  {
    _articleAppService = articleAppService;
  }

  public void Configure(SeoOptions options)
  {
    var articleUrls = _articleAppService.GetArticleLinksAsync().Result;
    var urls = articleUrls.Select(url => new SitemapUrlOptions
    {
      Priority = 1, 
      RelativeUrl = url
    }).ToList();

    //ilgili değerlerin SeoOptions sınıfına aktarılması
    options.Sitemap.Urls = urls;
    options.RobotsTxt.AddSitemapUrl = true;
  }
}
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  • If you pay attention here, we do not deal with the IServiceProvider interface and resolve the related dependencies. We simply do Constructor Injection and the framework takes care of the rest. When we examine the Configure method, we see that it takes the relevant option (SeoOptions) as a parameter. In this method, we received the relevant urls from our service and assign a value to this option. In this way, we configure the relevant settings.

  • The last thing we need to do is to inform our application that the value of an Options as deferred configuration of the SeoConfiguration class we have created should be done after the relevant dependency registration processes. For this, we can update our Startup.cs file as follows.

public class Startup {
  //...

  public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services) {
    //...

    services.AddSingleton<IConfigureOptions<SeoOptions>, SeoConfiguration>();           
    services.AddSeoWithDefaultRobots();
  }

  //...
}
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  • Here, we are saying, "Defer the relevant configurations until the SeoOptions class needs to be used, and perform the relevant configurations according to the operations performed in the Configure method on the class I have defined (here SeoConfiguration) when it should be used". Now we can run our application and see the result by navigating to the /sitemap.xml and /robots.txt routes.

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  • As you can see, we are now freed from a great burden by dynamically defining the relevant urls. In addition, thanks to the IConfigureOptions interface, we get rid of the code snippets that we need to define in the ConfigureServices method (first solution).

Thanks for reading this article, I hope you've enjoyed it. See you in the next article...

References

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