A quick guide to JavaScript Promises

Dominik Kundel on June 12, 2017

When you are writing JavaScript, callbacks are one of the most confusing concepts. Promises are the new approach to improve working with async code... [Read Full]
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Excellent article, I only have one suggestion.
Avoid using either .forEach or .reduce for sequential promise execution - at least when overwriting references to the promises.

Either use plain function recursion, or use a lib like bluebird.

Bluebird has features builtin for exactly this situation, including .mapSeries and concurrent execution limits, like .map(fn, {concurrency: CPU_COUNT})

Example with Bluebird:

const Promise = require('bluebird')

const searchTerms = (terms) => Promise
  .map(q => `http://httpbin.org/get?${q}`) // transform to needed func params for next step(s)
  .tap(url => console.time('Load %s', url)) // Easy to add/remove metrics
  .mapSeries(url => fetch(url) // -> Nested dependent logic:
    .then(resp => resp.json()) // unpack JSON
    .then(resp => { // Final step
      let url = resp.url;
      console.timeEnd('Load %s', url);
      return resp.url; // {url: resp.url, body: resp.body};

searchTerms(['ahoy', 'hello', 'hallo'])
  .then(allUrls => {console.log('Successfully loaded URL(s):', allUrls))
  .catch(error => console.error('A call failed:', error.message))


Also, another example of bluebird features, promisify existing callback-based libs using a common method.

So to read a file w/ Promises, use:

const Promise = require('bluebird');
const fs = Promise.promisifyAll(require('fs'));

.then(content => {
  console.log('File content:', content);
}).catch(err => {
  console.error('An error occurred reading this file.', err.message);


Good point! I mainly wanted to explain how to handle it without the help of an additional tool in a still elegant solution. I think a recursive function wouldn't make it too readable. But yeah I agree that you should ideally use something that is a bit more sophisticated. Bluebird is certainly a good solution for this.


This is amazing! This is exactly what I needed, thank you. 😬

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