In this article I will discuss a very simple approach to configuring your Rails 6 application to work with Bootstrap. An entire Rails repo is provided, including commit history, but this might be all you need:
curl https://raw.githubusercontent.com/keithrbennett/rails-bootstrap-example/master/0001-Add-Bootstrap-configuration.patch | git apply - yarn add bootstrap jquery popper.js
I recently wanted to add Bootstrap to a new Rails 6 application, but even after reading the documentation and several blog articles, success eluded me.
What finally worked was to follow along with this article by Chris Oliver -- well, more precicely, the video linked to in the article. In it, he shows exactly what to do -- and doing what he said to do worked for me.
In order to even further simplify the process for future developers, I generated a patch file to make the changes needed to provide the correct configuration. (These changes do assume a new Rails application, so it's possible that some modification to the changes would be required for existing projects.)
You can make the changes to your existing project or a fresh one generated with
rails new. Here's how to do it:
Change directory to your project root.
I suggest you have a "clean working tree" (no git-relevant changes since the most recent commit) before you apply the patch; this will make it easier to revert the change or limit your next commit to only the Bootstrap configuration change.
You can download the patch in its raw format (i.e. only the unadorned text and not the HTML web page displaying it) to your local filesystem with the following command:
curl -o bootstrap.patch https://raw.githubusercontent.com/keithrbennett/rails-bootstrap-example/master/0001-Add-Bootstrap-configuration.patch
Then apply the patch:
git apply bootstrap.patch
Alternatively, you can combine the above two steps into one:
curl https://raw.githubusercontent.com/keithrbennett/rails-bootstrap-example/master/0001-Add-Bootstrap-configuration.patch | git apply -
You can see the changes with a
yarn add bootstrap jquery popper.js
This will make changes to
yarn.lock that will need to be committed.
We'll want to exercise Bootstrap to verify that it is working correctly.
The rest of this section discusses setting up a sample app using the patches provided. Here is a list of all the patches:
# already used above, to configure Bootstrap 0001-Add-Bootstrap-configuration.patch # These next 3 can be used to put something in the # home page to test that Bootstrap is working: 0002-rails-g-controller-home-index.patch 0003-Change-root-route-to-go-to-new-page.patch 0004-Add-Bootstrap-color-border-spinners-to-page.patch
These patches are in the project root of the sample repo.
Applying patches #2 through #4 will set up the sample code to show that Bootstrap is working. Here are commands that will apply the patches directly from Github (without creating patch files on your local filesystem):
curl https://raw.githubusercontent.com/keithrbennett/rails-bootstrap-example/master/0002-rails-g-controller-home-index.patch | git apply - curl https://raw.githubusercontent.com/keithrbennett/rails-bootstrap-example/master/0003-Change-root-route-to-go-to-new-page.patch | git apply - curl https://raw.githubusercontent.com/keithrbennett/rails-bootstrap-example/master/0004-Add-Bootstrap-color-border-spinners-to-page.patch | git apply -
This is all you should need to do! At this point you can run
rails s and connect to it in your browser. If all goes well you will see something like this:
You may have noticed that the patch file names were numbered and contained the first part of the commit messages in the names. This was not something I did myself, this was done automatically by git. Git has great patch support, and all I needed to do to generate the patches was issue this command:
$ git format-patch HEAD~4 0001-rails-g-controller-home-index.patch 0002-Change-root-route-to-go-to-new-page.patch 0003-Add-Bootstrap-color-border-spinners-to-page.patch 0004-Add-patch-files-git-format-patch-HEAD-4.patch
HEAD~4 told git how far back I wanted to start (4 commits).
As you saw above, applying a patch to a code base is as simple as:
git apply something.patch
I hope that the time I invested in creating and documenting this simplifying procedure will pay off in the form of time saved for you. If you think I could be useful on your project, or would just like to say hello, please give me a holler at email@example.com.
This article may be improved over time. To see its revisions you can go to its Github commit history.
Note: The patch (#1) originally published with this article did not include some configuration code needed to expose JQuery and Popper, which could have been a problem implementing customizations. It was fixed on 2020-05-12. You can see the changes here.