This is absolutely fascinating. I used to be involved in the "domain" scene, and had never heard of .cat.
To my knowledge, all ccTLD had to be two characters, but it looks like there's a whole category of Geographic Top Level Domains.
This is a great overview and explanation, thanks for sharing.
We're a place where coders share, stay up-to-date and grow their careers.
We strive for transparency and don't collect excess data.