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Storybook for React — Controls and argTypes

aumayeung profile image John Au-Yeung Originally published at thewebdev.info ・2 min read

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Storybook lets us prototype components easily with various parameters.

In this article, we’ll look at how to work with addons for Storybook.

Controls

Storybook controls let us interact with the component’s arguments dynamically without changing the code.

They are convenient and portable.

For example, we can set a control for an arg with the argTypes property:

src/stores/Button.stories.js

import React from 'react';

import { Button } from './Button';

export default {
  title: 'Example/Button',
  component: Button,
  argTypes: {
    backgroundColor: { control: 'color' },
  },
};
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We set the backgroundColor to be set with a color picker with the control property set to 'color' .

Also, we can set a range slider with the type set to 'range' .

For example, we can write:

Button.js

import React from 'react';
import PropTypes from 'prop-types';
import './button.css';

export const Button = ({ primary, backgroundColor, borderRadius, size, label, ...props }) => {
  const mode = primary ? 'button-primary' : 'button-secondary';
  return (
    <button
      type="button"
      style={{ backgroundColor, borderRadius }}
      {...props}
    >
      {label}
    </button>
  );
};

Button.propTypes = {
  primary: PropTypes.bool,
  backgroundColor: PropTypes.string,
  size: PropTypes.oneOf(['small', 'medium', 'large']),
  borderRadius: PropTypes.number,
  label: PropTypes.string.isRequired,
  onClick: PropTypes.func,
};

Button.defaultProps = {
  backgroundColor: null,
  primary: false,
  size: 'medium',
  borderRadius: 10,
  onClick: undefined,
};
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Button.stories.js

 

import React from 'react';

import { Button } from './Button';

export default {
  title: 'Example/Button',
  component: Button,
  argTypes: {
    borderRadius: {
      control: { type: 'range', min: 0, max: 50, step: 1 },
    },
  },
};
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We set the borderRadius prop to be changed with a range slide with the type set to 'range' .

Hide NoControls Warning

If we don’t plan to add any controls in our story, we can hide it with the hideNoControlWarning set to true .

We write:

src/stories/Button.stories.js

import React from 'react';

import { Button } from './Button';

export default {
  title: 'Example/Button',
  component: Button,
};

const Template = (args) => <Button {...args} />;

export const Primary = Template.bind({});
Primary.args = {
  primary: true,
  label: 'Button',
};

Primary.parameters = {
  controls: { hideNoControlsWarning: true },
}
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to hide the controls warning.

Actions

The actions addon lets us display data received by the event handler arguments for our stories.

We can set the argType to tell Storybook that an arg should be an action.

For example, we can write:

src/stories/Button.stories.js

import React from 'react';

import { Button } from './Button';

export default {
  title: 'Example/Button',
  component: Button,
  argTypes: { onClick: { action: 'clicked' } },
};
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We set the argTypes.onClick property to set the action to 'clicked' .

Then that’ll be displayed when we click the button.

Automatically Matching Args

We can also automatically match argTypes with a certain pattern.

For example, we can write:

src/stories/Button.stories.js

import React from 'react';

import { Button } from './Button';

export default {
  title: 'Example/Button',
  component: Button,
  parameters: { actions: { argTypesRegex: '^on.*' } },
};
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We set the argTypesRegex property to match the event with the prop name.

Therefore, the click action will be matched with the onClick handler, so when we click the button, onClick will be run.

Conclusion

We can set the controls and the argType for event handlers with Storybook.

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