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Cover image for 100% height to all divs - Gatsby
Haseeb Burki
Haseeb Burki

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100% height to all divs - Gatsby

Use Case

A simple UI containing a header, main and footer.

The footer should stick to the bottom if content above it (main) does not fill the whole view and get pushed down if the content (main) exceeds the view height.

What we Have!

What we Have!

What we Want!

What we Want!

The Simple Solution

My first thought was assigning all html tags above the div which holds the <main></main> tags height: '100%'.

But!!! šŸ˜®šŸ˜®šŸ˜®

gatsby html structure
Additional div Highlighted

Gatsby uses @reach/router which wraps the Layout component in an additional div. This is done so,

@reach/router can automatically manage the focus as part of making sure sites are usable by screen readers.

So you can see how adding style to a javascript injected div without any class or id might be an issue.

The Real Solution

Well the real solution is actually still the same, we need to assign a height: '100%' to all parent divs.

  • Create a new css file and name it global.css. I've put it in a separate styles folder in my repo.
 * Purpose:
 * Assign height: "100%" to
 * html, body, #___gatsby &  
 * div with role="group"

html, body, #___gatsby {
    height: 100%;

body {
    margin: 0px;

div[role="group"][tabindex] {
    height: 100%;
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  • In the root of your directory, look for gatsby-browser.js and import global.css.
import './src/styles/global.css'
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  • I like to start my projects from scratch. This is my take on Layout Component.
<div style={{
  height: '100%',
  display: 'flex',
  flexDirection: "column"
    <Header siteTitle={} />

      backgroundColor: 'pink',
      flexGrow: 1

  <footer style={{
    backgroundColor: 'aquamarine'
    Ā© {new Date().getFullYear()}, Built with
    {` `}
    <a href="">Gatsby</a>
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The Result as Promised !!

Gatsby CSS - 100% Height

Footer pushed down by content

This solution is based on a github thread.

Top comments (6)

giacomocerquone profile image
Giacomo Cerquone

Better solution avoiding div[role="group"][tabindex] is targeting #gatsby-focus-wrapper

hzburki profile image
Haseeb Burki

Cool! I'll try this and add it to the blog šŸ‘

umenr profile image
Umendra Rajapakshe

Hey have you tried setting 100vh to your wrapper div ? for me setting it to 100vh seem to solve the issue without having to tinker with the parent divs, body and html styles.

Not sure if this approach will mess up your footer though.

sanyprovi profile image

Hey Hasseb! thanks for share this solution!
One issue: when i try to scroll in my iPhone, the scroll does not seems right, its like im scrolling two layers at the same time... did you know why this happen?

hzburki profile image
Haseeb Burki • Edited

Hey, I don't understand what you mean by two layers at the same time. It might be easier if you provide a video or GIF.

Also make sure that it's not caused by some other style properties. If that's not the case, if you can provide a repo with the reproduce-able error I'll be happy to look into it.

evasyuk profile image
Yevhenii Vasiuk

Thanks! It was helpful