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GeoDjango Installation: PostGIS and GDAL

Hasanul Islam
Updated on ・2 min read

GeoDjango is a world-class geographic Web framework. We will install GeoDjango step by step:

Installing Geospatial library: GDAL :

GeoDjango provides interfaces for some source geospatial libraries e.g. GEOS, PROJ.4, GDAL, GeoIP, PostGIS, SpatiaLite. On ubuntu/Debian, We will install the following packages which will install, directly or by dependency, the required geospatial libraries:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install python3-pip python3-dev libpq-dev 
sudo apt-get install binutils libproj-dev gdal-bin
pip install GDAL
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Database installation: PostGIS :

PostGIS adds geographic object support to PostgreSQL, turning it into a spatial database.

Install PostgreSQL :

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt install postgresql postgresql-contrib
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Create Database, User and Grant Privileges :

Log into an interactive Postgres session by typing:

sudo -u postgres psql
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First, create a database.

postgres=# CREATE DATABASE db_name;
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Next, create a database user.

postgres=# CREATE USER db_user WITH PASSWORD 'password';
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Then, give our new user access to administer our new database:

postgres=# GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON DATABASE db_name TO db_user;
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Exit out of the PostgreSQL prompt by typing:

postgres# \q
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Install PostGIS apt package :

sudo apt install postgis --no-install-recommends
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Install the package that contains postgis.control manually :

sudo apt-get install postgis postgresql-<POSTGRESQL_VERSION>-postgis-scripts
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Create PostGIS Extension :

sudo -u postgres psql
postgres=# \c db_name
db_name=# CREATE EXTENSION postgis;
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DATABASES configuration

Add the following ENGINE to DATABASES config at settings.py:

DATABASES = {
    'default': {
         'ENGINE': 'django.contrib.gis.db.backends.postgis',
          ....
    },
}
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Add django.contrib.gis to INSTALLED_APPS :

INSTALLED_APPS = [
    'django.contrib.admin',
     .......,
    'django.contrib.gis',
]
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Feel free to leave a comment.

Discussion (3)

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borsemayur2 profile image
Mayur Borse

I'm getting error:
could not open extension control file "/usr/share/postgresql/12/extension/postgis.control"

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borsemayur2 profile image
Mayur Borse

Resolved by using command

sudo apt-get install postgis postgresql-<POSTGRESQL_VERSION>-postgis-scripts

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mhihasan profile image
Hasanul Islam Author

Thanks