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John Mercier
John Mercier

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Mocking private static final log

Tests for logging is something I have tried to avoid in the past. Today I had to write some code which exports TestRail results to splunk and I was determined to test the output.

Instead of searching for how to do this using jmockit or mockito (since this hasn't worked for me in the past) I decided to try using reflection myself. I searched for "java reflection change private static field" and came across this post on stackoverflow. The post shows a way to change the value of a public static final field. There are some caveats but in the case of Logger it works out.

Combining this information with mockito I was able to mock the logger for a class and test logging output. First the test setup (junit 4.13):

public class SplunkReporterMethods {
  @Mock private Logger log;
  private SplunkReporter reporter;

  public void report() { Car());

To setup the SplunkReporter class with a different logger the mock needs to be injected into the private static final field. This can be done in an @Before method.

void setup() {
  //allow log field to be changed
  Field field = SplunkReporter.class.getDeclaredField("log");

  //remove final modifier
  Field modifiersField = Field.class.getDeclaredField("modifiers");
  modifiersField.setInt(field, field.getModifiers() & ~Modifier.FINAL);

  //set to mock object
  field.set(null, log);
  reporter = new SplunkReporter();

First, the setup method makes log accessible but that is not enough. The modifiers on the field need to be changed so final is removed. The Field class does not have a setter for the modifiers field and so modifiers needs to be set in field using reflection. Finally the static field is set to the mock object.

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