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Sanjay Prajapat
Sanjay Prajapat

Posted on • Originally published at sanjayprajapat.hashnode.dev

Functional (SAM) interfaces in Kotlin

An interface with only one abstract method is called a functional interface(Single Abstract Method). functional (SAM) interface can have multiple non abstract method but only one abstract method

// functional interface example
interface CatchAble {
    fun invoke()
}
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SAM conversions

Instead of creating a class that implements a functional interface manually, you can use a lambda expression.

// functional interface example
interface CatchAble {
    fun invoke()
}

// functional interface example
fun interface FunctInterface{
    fun invoke(list: List<Int>) :List<Int>
}

// functional interface
interface FuncInterface3 {
    fun abstract_method(a: Int, b: String?)
    // Second method prevents lambda conversion
    fun   nonabstract_method() {
        println("do something")
    }
}


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fun main(){

    // if we don't use SAM conversion
    val run  = object : CatchAble {
        override fun invoke() {
            print("Invoking CatchAble ")

        }
    }
    run.invoke() //  // Invoking CatchAble

    // if don't SAM use SAM conversion
    val fi = object :FunctInterface{
        override fun invoke(list: List<Int>): List<Int> {
            return  list.filter { pre -> pre %2 ==0 }
        }
    }
    print(fi.invoke(listOf(2,5,1,5,79,0))) // [2, 0]

    // using same conversion
    val fi2 = FunctInterface {
        it.filter { pre -> pre %2 == 0 }
    }
    print(fi2.invoke(listOf(2,5,1,5,79,0))) // [2, 0]

val fi3 = object : FuncInterface3{
        override fun abstract_method(a: Int, b: String?) {
            print("This is abstract method")
        }

        // it's not force to override this method
        override fun nonabstract_method() {
            print("overriding non abstract method")
        }
    }

    fi3.nonabstract_method() // do something
    fi3.abstract_method(2,"323") //overriding non-abstract method
}
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Functional (SAM) interfaces in Java

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