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Add current working directory in your shell prompt

chhajedji profile image chinmay chhajed Updated on ・1 min read

Bash prompt can be set by setting the environment variable PS1.

Current directory can be displayed in 3 types:

  • Full path
~/work/esp/esp-idf/examples/bluetooth/nimble$ 
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  • Partial path
~/.../bluetooth/nimble$ 
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  • Only parent directory.
nimble$ 
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In value of PS1, \w or \W can be used to include working directory in the prompt. Change the value of PS1 in your $HOME/.bashrc file to change it for every terminal.

If you use zsh or any other shell, search where the config file is located and update it accordingly. .bashrc is used for bash shell which is default in most systems.

To set full path, \w can be used.

PS1="\w$ "
# Prompt would look like:
# ~/work/esp/esp-idf/examples/bluetooth/nimble$ 
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To see only current directory's name in prompt, use \W

PS1="\W$ "
# Prompt would look like:
# nimble$ 
pwd
# Prompt will show only first parent directory, current path is:
# /home/chinmay/work/esp/esp-idf/examples/bluetooth/nimble
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To see partial path, the environment variable PROMPT_DIRTRIM can be set to desired value to see number of parent directories. Default value of PROMPT_DIRTRIM is 0.

PS1="\w\$ " # Setting PS1 to show full path
# ~/work/esp/esp-idf/examples/bluetooth/nimble$ 
export PROMPT_DIRTRIM=4 # Trimming path to 4 directories
# ~/.../esp-idf/examples/bluetooth/nimble$ 
export PROMPT_DIRTRIM=2 # Trimming path to 2 directories
# ~/.../bluetooth/nimble$ 
export PROMPT_DIRTRIM=0 # Back to normal
# ~/work/esp/esp-idf/examples/bluetooth/nimble$ 
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Checkout designing a minimal bash prompt.

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