Who would have thought that Microsoft would make .NET development actually great outside of Windows!
I have the need to use these tools because of a subject I'm currently taking in college that requires me to do an ASP.NET MVC web application with Entity Framework and a few more fancy acronyms.
So, today I'll be going over the steps I took to get things started.
Before we start printing
Hello World left and right, we gotta install a few tools:
- .NET Core SDK.
- VS Code (free) / Rider (paid or free for some students).
- Azure Data Studio (This one is similar to SQL Management Studio).
In order to verify that everything went well, go ahead and execute the following commands in your Terminal:
Docker version 18.06.1-ce, build e68fc7a
Since we don't currently have the Microsoft SQL Server engine available for MacOS, I had to use Docker in order to install Linux's MS SQL Server in a container and although this may sound complicated at first, there's a really awesome post written by @reverentgeek that can teach you exactly how to do it and even more!
In case you go with VS Code, you will have to install the C# language extension and you are good to go.
I personally prefer using Rider because of my familiarity with IntelliJ based IDEs in terms of functionality and keyboard shortcuts overall. But for the sake of this post, I'll be going through the steps of using VS Code since it's the one recommended in the .NET Core website.
In order to start a project, the .NET Core SDK provides you with a few handy commands you can use in your Terminal.
To create a project, navigate to a folder of your preference by using the
cd <folder-name> command, like:
Then create a folder by using the
mkdir <folder-name> command:
Then navigate to it with:
Note: there's an important detail about this, if you use the next command to create a .NET Core project, it will be named just like the folder you are currenlty on, in this case "CoreIsAwesome".
Now we can generate a sample Console Application by using this:
dotnet new console
And you should quickly see something like this show up in your Terminal:
The template "Console Application" was created successfully.
Processing post-creation actions...
Running 'dotnet restore' on /Users/chrisvasqm/VisualStudioProjects/CoreIsAwesome/CoreIsAwesome.csproj...
Restoring packages for /Users/chrisvasqm/VisualStudioProjects/CoreIsAwesome/CoreIsAwesome.csproj...
Generating MSBuild file /Users/chrisvasqm/VisualStudioProjects/CoreIsAwesome/obj/CoreIsAwesome.csproj.nuget.g.props.
Generating MSBuild file /Users/chrisvasqm/VisualStudioProjects/CoreIsAwesome/obj/CoreIsAwesome.csproj.nuget.g.targets.
Restore completed in 211.77 ms for /Users/chrisvasqm/VisualStudioProjects/CoreIsAwesome/CoreIsAwesome.csproj.
Now you should be able to see all your project's files in the Explorer panel.
If you select a file, let's say the
Program.cs you should have the following code:
static void Main(string args)
And in a few seconds or so, VS Code should display a dialog like this:
Go ahead and click on "Yes".
Now, if you go over to the
Debug panel, your
Run Configuration should now be like this:
Which means we can go ahead and run our code!
Hit that green
Play button while crossing your fingers so you don't get any errors.
Wait a few seconds until the build finishes...
Just a little more...
If you zoom in or squeeze your eyes hard enough, you should be able to see that tiny little "Hello World!" in the Debug Console.
In my particular case, the only difference is that instead of doing:
dotnet new console
dotnet new mvc
To have a .NET Core MVC template generated for me and then I had to set up Entity Framework Core dependencies in my project and so on, but that might be a topic for another post ;)
Tip: In case you might be curious about what other templates the
dotnet newcommand can generate for you, use the following command:
dotnet new --help
And that should give you all the instructions you need.