loading...
Cover image for Recoil - experimental state management library for React
GraphQL Editor

Recoil - experimental state management library for React

tomekponiat profile image Tomek Poniatowicz Originally published at blog.graphqleditor.com ・3 min read

For many reasons, it's wise to use React's built-in state management capabilities rather than an external global state like compatibility, simplicity etc. Unfortunately, it has some limitations like:

  • Context can only store a single value
  • Component's state can only be shared by pushing it up to the common ancestor

These make it difficult to code-split the parts of the React three where the state has to live from where the state is used. Just a few days ago Facebook had open-sourced it's state management library that could above mentioned limitations.

Recoil

Recoil is an experimental state management library for React apps aiming to improve the above-mentioned flaws of React's built-in state management while keeping the API, the semantics & behavior as Reactish as possible. Recoil provides several capabilities that are difficult to achieve with React alone while being compatible with the newest features of React.

Recoil defines a directed graph orthogonal to but also intrinsic and attached to your React tree. State changes flow from the roots of this graph (which we call atoms) through pure functions (which we call selectors) and into components.

Atoms & Selectors

The core concept of Recoil is the data-flow where data travels from Atoms (shared state) through Selectors (pure functions) down into React components building your app.

Recoils Atoms Concept

Source: David McCabe @ recoiljs.org

Atoms are units of the state that components can subscribe to. They contain the source of truth for our application state. Selectors transform this state either synchronously or asynchronously. Atoms are created by using the atom() function:

const fontSizeState = atom({
  key: 'fontSizeState',
  default: 14,
});
Source: recoiljs.org

A selector is a pure function that accepts atoms or other selectors as an input. When these inputs are changed, the selector function will be re-evaluated. React components can subscribe to selectors and when the selectors change they will re-rendered as well.

Selectors are defined using the selector() function:

const fontSizeLabelState = selector({
  key: 'fontSizeLabelState',
  get: ({get}) => {
    const fontSize = get(fontSizeState);
    const unit = 'px';

    return `${fontSize}${unit}`;
  },
});

Source: recoiljs.org

The approach presented by Recoil offers:

  • boilerplate-free API where the shared state has the same simple get/set interface as React local state,
  • compatibility with Concurrent Mode and other new React features as they become available,
  • code-splitting possibility thanks to incremental & distributed state definition,
  • the state can be replaced without modifying the components that use it.
  • derived data can move between being synchronous and asynchronous without modifying the components that use it.
  • backward-compatibility of application state; persisted states can survive application changes.

Recoil works and thinks just like React providing a fast & flexible shared state. Add Recoil to your app and check how it will influence its state management.


Speed up your GraphQL API development

GraphQL Editor is a supportive tool for both advanced GraphQL users as well as those taking their first steps with GraphQL APIs. Our all-in-one development environment for GraphQL will help you build, manage & deploy your GraphQL API much faster thanks to dozens of built-in micro features.

GraphQL Editor

Posted on May 15 by:

tomekponiat profile

Tomek Poniatowicz

@tomekponiat

Pizza fanatic, Magic the Gathering addict, GraphQL enthusiast :)

GraphQL Editor

The GraphQL Editor is a supportive tool for both advanced GraphQL users as well as those making their first steps with GraphQL APIs.

Discussion

markdown guide
 

Very cool, man! While I was developing react applications, I did use of Atomic Design to organize my components, but sometimes, use the atoms of atomic design is a little bit useless when you use some UI Library (i.e Antd), so I though about shift the atoms to a kind of state manager to keep it part of the application. Recoils could fit with my idea. Thanks by your post, man! ( Sorry if it sounds a bit confuse)