The battle for the most popular programming language continues to rage as new languages such as Kotlin, Go, and Swift enter the arena, ready for battle. While these new codebases are gaining traction, the old standbys not only hold their place at the top of the mountain but continue to rise in popularity as well. Two of these languages – Java and Python – are in a constant war for second and third place, swapping positions every other month.
What makes these two languages a favorite amongst developers? Which one is better, and how do they continue to be so widely used decades after arriving on the programming scene? What are the benefits of Python over Java and vice versa? We look at these very topics and showcase some code examples of each in today’s programming tutorial.
What Are the Most Popular Programming Languages in 2021?
While it is impossible to say which programming languages are the most popular in 2021 definitively, we can use certain indicators to give us an idea about which languages are used the most. Taking a look at Google Insights to see trends on keyword search for programming languages is one method. Another is to view the monthly Tiobe Index, which looks at the number of software engineers worldwide, courses offered in different languages, and other metrics to determine language popularity. Other sources, such as viewing GitHub repositories based on the language used and other state-of-the-Developer studies, provide additional insight.
According to the Tiobe Index, the top ten programming languages of 2021 are:
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