Functional Reactive Programming in Rust

andrewlucker profile image Andrew Lucker Originally published at hackernoon.com on ・2 min read

So, I’m a big fan of FRP for UI. I love to use it on the web. React and other frameworks sort-of follow FRP. For the Desktop, and specifically using Rust GUIs there aren’t much in the way of choices for this style yet. The language even has features that deter the FRP style or at least make it quite a bit harder.

So what is FRP? In short, FRP is simply a declarative form of MVC. All rendering code is functional declarative. All Models are declarative. All data interactions are also declarative. The key is that there is no “glue”, that is all taken care of by using framework primitives.

Where this get’s messy is that no languages have simple solutions to bidirectional data-binding. Everything is dandy from the top-down, but when you look at React classes you will see all the boilerplate that is required to send data changes up the DOM hierarchy.

I’ve been playing with GUI components in Rust, and enjoy the simplicity of having no framework at all beyond an OpenGL context… maybe I should build my own framework, haha. For now I just want to build a game and play it, but the MVC mess that I’ve laid out for myself is sometimes hard to grasp. So, that is why I am looking at these FRP primitives.

Languages like Elm, which I am unfortunately not very familiar, do a good job of integrating and enforcing a proper style. Sometimes having fewer options is better. Trying to channel some of that into my Rust code I find that the ownership checks are very intrusive. I wouldn’t have any problems with this if it weren’t for the GUI libraries being so early in development. Most of the time the primitives there are slightly dirty with their data and basically nothing implements the Copy trait.

Without the Copy trait I can’t be sending data flying around or establish a good context without invoking the wrath of ownership and mutability constraints. So that is why I write my frustration. Don’t get me wrong, I love Rust, the ownership checks are making my code better, if not quite what I was intending for. In the future I will hope that some of the library primitives will play well with each other, and that may mean waiting until things hit version 1.0.0. It all seems so new.

I guess this is what it means to claim fertile land. You need to plant the seeds yourself or nothing will grow.

This post was originally published on medium.com


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jvanbruegge profile image
Jan van Brügge

When will people learn that React is NOT FRP. If you want to do FRP in the browser, use Cycle.js

adnanademovic profile image
Adnan Ademovic

Were you using Glium (lib that safely wraps the OpenGL state machine), or direct OpenGL?