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adro.codes
adro.codes

Posted on • Originally published at myweekinjs.com

Keeping track of my coffees with Google Actions

Recently I set out to create an app to keep track of different life stats using Google Actions. This would be the first time I am working with the Google Actions SDK which is both exciting and nerve racking!

The code can be found on Github

The Goal

The goal is simple, create a small set of actions that will increase simple stats of my day to day life. For example; Hey Google, add 1 to coffee.

Approach #1

Actions on Google offer two ways of creating interactions with the Google Assistant. These being; DialogFlow and Actions SDK. My first approach involved using the Actions SDK as it made the most sense. Define your action; add {number} to coffees. Retrieve the number and then plus the number to my total.

// Excerpt
app.intent('COFFEE', (conv, number) => {
  // +number to total
  conv.reply('Coffees added')
})
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However, after getting to this point, I read here that the DialogFlow approach is better suited for defining parameters to capture information during the interaction with the Google Assistant. Approach #2 here I come!

Approach #2

Approach two involves using DialogFlow to setup intents and writing Firebase Cloud Functions to fulfil those intents, very similar to the Actions SDK. After setting up my intent with a number of Training Phrases;

  1. add 1 to coffees
  2. I had 5 coffees today
  3. etc

The intent learnt that I want to pull out the number in each of the phrases and to save it into a coffees variable, that I can use in my Cloud Function.

app.intent('Add Coffee', (conv, { coffees }) => {
  conv.close(`You want to add ${coffees} to your total`)
})
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After redeploying my Cloud Function to my Firebase project I was able to have the following conversation with my lovely Google Assistant.

  • Me: talk to AJ's life style
  • Google: Hello! How can I help you?
  • Me: Add 2 to coffee
  • Google: You want to add 2 to your total

Progress!!

The next step was to take the request and save it into the Firebase Realtime Database to be used later on. This turned out to be easier than I expected. The first step was to authorise my application, which I did through the firebase-admin package and generating an SDK key through the Firebase Console interface. After this, I was able to easily write a normal push function to add the number to the database.

// Authorise code
app.intent('Add Coffee', ({ coffees }) => {
  admin.database().ref('/coffee').push({
    coffee: coffees
  })
  .then(/** Success */)
  .catch(/** Fail */)
})
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Once this worked I made a small change to the push object to add more "metadata" to the values in the database, for when I finally add these statistics to the website for everyone to see. The first change was to store the number as an int instead of a string, I also added a timestamp value to the object which I want to use to sort my coffee consumption by day.

admin.database().ref('/coffee').push({
  coffee: parseInt(coffees),
  timestamp: admin.database.ServerValue.TIMESTAMP
})
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I finally got my Google Action working! The next step is to display the information on the website.

To see a preview go to the Stats Page on the myweekinjs website.

Displaying from Firebase

For this to work, I needed to set up two files.

  1. Firebase class firebase.js
  2. Gatsby Static page. stats.js

Firebase.js

With some help from the great Gatsby community I managed to set up my Firebase class to use throughout the website. I had to make a small modification because I was getting a nasty Duplicate App error. I ended up only needing to check if the firebase app hadn't already been initialised. Pretty easy fix (after some Googling).

if (!firebase.apps.length) {
  firebase.initializeApp({...})
}
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From this point, I was able to import my Firebase class and pull data from the Realtime database. Hurray!

Stats.js

The stats page has one goal; Display the total number of coffees I've had. And what is hot currently in the React world? Hooks! Which is exactly what I used to create this page.

I needed a few things for this to work. Some state and a way to accept incoming database changes and update the state. For this, you use the useState and useEffect methods provided by React. Here is a very simplified version of the Stats page component.

// ...imports

const StatsPage = () => {
  const [coffee, setCoffee] = useState(0)

  useEffect(() => {
    database.on('value', (data) => setCoffee(data))
  })

  return (
    <p>{ coffee.total }</p>
  )
}
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The useEffect method will listen to changes to the realtime database and once a change is detected it will update the coffee state and the component will re-render to reflect the new total. Unfortunately, the data doesn't change that often to warrant the constant checking but if you decide to setup a similar project, use this approach and watch the magic happen.

What I learnt

  1. Firebase Cloud Functions are a lot easier than I thought and can be really powerful! Definitely going to explore this more.
  2. React Hooks is pretty great for pulling in data from the Firebase Realtime Database.
  3. Creating Actions and Dialogue Flows.
  4. I may be drinking too many cups of coffee.

Some Helpful Resources

  1. Creating Actions
  2. Use Effect Hook
  3. Admin SDK

Wrapping up

After this, I did some additional styling changes to the Stats page to make it look good. Hopefully, this article was a good insight for what it is like working with Google Actions. I had an absolute blast working with the technology and getting everything to talk to each other (I think that counts as a pun). If you have any questions about the code or process please reach out to me over Twitter, I'd love to keep talking about this and improving my code.

If you're interested in seeing a step by step tutorial on how you can achieve the same thing, let me know and I'll see what I can do!


Thank you for reading my article, it really means a lot! ❤️ Please provide any feedback or comments, I'm always looking to improve and having meaningful discussions. This article was written as part of my #myweekinjs challenge, I have other interesting articles there if you are interested in learning more.

👋 until next time!

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