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Express Typescript Boilerplate
Dantis Mai
Dantis Mai

Posted on • Updated on

Create Express Typescript Boilerplate

What is Git Template?

Git Template is a frame for us to make numerous clones with the same configuration

Create boilerplate

Init git repository

Depends on familiarity, we can init repository by using Git Interface then clone it back or executing Git CLI on local folder.

Add configuration

First of all, we need to initialize nodejs project by answering some questions after executing the command npm init

Then we install Typescript by npm or yarn. I suggest installing it with --save-dev flag, because usually, the production package is built to Javascript*

#For npm
npm install --save-dev typescript

#For yarn
yarn add --dev typescript
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Now, we need to config our project. If you have followed me until this post, you will have the configuration of tsconfig.json, Prettier, ESLint, Jest, and Husky

We come to the main guy, Express server

  • Install Express module. As I mentioned in Jest, Express can't understand TS, so we need an additional module,ts-node, to run the server on local, and 2 other modules @types/express, @types/node to get types of Express.
npm install express
npm install --save-dev @types/express @types/node ts-node
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  • There are some other ones you may need nodemon for watching the changes in the resource folder, dotenv for loading environment variables files, or cors for solving error "access-control-allow-origin".

  • Create our server. From my experience, we need to create 2 files in src folder placed at root level. The first one is src/config/express.ts which is used to config our express server, and the second one is src/index.ts for starting the server. If we merge 2 of those files, we will violate the SOLID theory.

  • If you ask about errorhandler middleware, I have an example for you below. And about @controller, it depends on your domain business.

  • Add scripts to package.json to start server. Thanks to ts-node we can directly start server without continuous complier.

"start": "ts-node -r tsconfig-paths/register src/index"
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  • Try npm start to make sure it can start the server successfully

  • Add Unit tests to make sure everything works as expected. In case you followed my configuration in this post, then push test files into folder __tests__ placed at root level with the same location in src (your folder tree will look like below). I love using supertest to test my express server, you can make this page as your reference

  • Now we can try to commit the changes to init our repository. If we config Husky, then it will run npm test before actually commit

Mark repository as template

Finally, we come to the last part. After access our repository on github, we tick the box template repository in tab setting

You can try to use it by clicking on Repository template on New repository page

This is my Template, I am glad if you give me a star 😍.

We have gone on a long journey with the Create Your Own TypeScript Express Template series. Thank you very much. If You need GitHub template, you can refer here
I am really happy to receive your feedback on this article. Thanks for your precious time reading this.

Discussion (1)

msamgan profile image
Mohammed Samgan Khan

hey dantis, nice work.
here is a similar et up for the same, providing support for vanila JS and typscript both,
check it out