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Jason Purdy
Jason Purdy

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One small step forward w/ Elastic Beanstalk

Finally got my PHP app running & setup (just the code bits .. still need to work on other configs + database), but wanted to share some of my findings in the case it may be helpful to others.

Setup SSH

This is key (pun intended ;)) because it can help you see what's going on, versus making a change, uploading it, see if it works, if not, request the logs, and go through them. There are a few steps to get SSH working:

  1. Create key pair: ssh-keygen -b 2048 ~/.ssh/elastic-beanstalk
  2. Create key file config in .ebextensions (I called mine .ebextensions/02_setup_ssh.config) and it looks like #1 below.
  3. Open the SSH port. This is another config file (I called mine .ebextensions/03_open_sshport.config) and it looks like #2 below.
  4. Find the IP address from your EC2 instances to connect to and then connect: ssh -i "~/.ssh/elastic-beanstalk" root@[IP ADDRESS]

Container commands

One thing that was tripping me up was that my PHP app (which is a Codeigniter v4 framework app) has a different project layout, where the root folder has various config stuff and then the CodeIgniter app is installed in a ci4 subdirectory (which is where the package.json and composer.json files were), and the public webroot is a subdirectory from that, too.

So after the code is extracted, but before deployment, I need to do the composer install and npm install. So I had another .ebextensions config to run container commands to do those, but I was using the static path of /var/app/current/ci4, which was affecting the current deployment and not the staged code. So then when EB deployed the staged code, it didn't have the expected node_modules or vendor directories. This took a lot of back & forth, but eventually, I got it working and it looks like #3 below. Oh, and as a bonus with #3, it also gets nodejs (which includes npm) installed, which was something I was wrestling with earlier.


  "/root/.ssh/authorized_keys" :
    mode: "000600"
    owner: root
    group: root
    content: |
      [contents from your file]
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    Type: AWS::EC2::SecurityGroupIngress
      GroupId: {"Fn::GetAtt" : ["AWSEBSecurityGroup", "GroupId"]}
      IpProtocol: tcp
      ToPort: 443
      FromPort: 443
    Type: AWS::EC2::SecurityGroupIngress
      GroupId: {"Fn::GetAtt" : ["AWSEBSecurityGroup", "GroupId"]}
      IpProtocol: tcp
      ToPort: 22
      FromPort: 22
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(I went ahead and added 443 for setting up HTTPS later)


    command: sudo yum -y install curl
    command: curl -sL | sudo bash -
    command: sudo yum -y install nodejs
    command: sudo amazon-linux-extras install epel

    command: 'cd ci4 && npm install'
    test: '[ ! -d ci4/node_modules ] && echo "node_modules files not installed"'
    command: 'cd ci4 && /usr/bin/composer.phar install'
    test: '[ ! -d ci4/vendor ] && echo "vendor files not installed"'
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