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Vineeth.TR
Vineeth.TR

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GIT Commands

Some easy useful git commands

Git configuration

You can configure git by creating a .gitconfig file in user folder
or use commands


git config --global user.name {{YOUR_USERNAME}}

git config --global user.email {{YOUR_EMAIL}}

git config -l

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To create Git repository locally

git init
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Download/Clone repository from remote

git clone {{REPOSITORY_LINK}}
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Git branch

Git branches are effectively a pointer to a snapshot of your changes. When you want to add a new feature or fix a bugβ€”no matter how big or how smallβ€”you spawn a new branch to encapsulate your changes

View all branches

git branch
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Create a new branch

git branch {{BRANCH_NAME}}
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Delete a branch

git branch -d {{BRANCH_NAME}}
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Switch to another branch

git switch {{BRANCH_NAME}}
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Merge a branch to current branch

git merge {{BRANCH_NAME}}
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Sync branches

git fetch
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Cleanup all local branches

Before fetching, remove any remote-tracking references that no longer exist on the remote.

git fetch --prune
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Git stage

Before we make a commit, we must tell Git what files we want to commit (new untracked files, modified files, or deleted files) this is called staging.

To know the file status/changes

git status
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Add a file to stage

git add {{FILE}}
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Add all files to stage

git add .
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Add only certain files starts with

With the asterisk command , you can add all files starting with 'index' in the staging area.

git add {{FILE_STARTS_WITH}}*
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Reset/undo file changes

git reset {{FILE}}
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Reset/undo all changes

git reset
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Git Update

Update changes to remotes

Commit changes

git commit -m {{"YOUR_COMMIT_MESSAGE"}}
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Get changes from remote

git pull
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Get changes from different branch

git pull origin {{BRANCH}}
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Updates changes to remote

git push
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Updates changes to different branch

git push origin HEAD:{{BRANCH}}
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Git Undo

Undo/revert changes from git

Reset/undo local changes

git reset --hard
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Reset to previous heads

git reset --hard HEAD~{{NUMBER}}
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Revert changes

git revert head
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Revert a commit

git revert {{COMMIT_ID}}
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Git Helps

To get git command help

git help
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To see commit history

git log
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View commit log as a graph

git log --graph --oneline
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View commit log as a graph of all branches

git log --graph --oneline --all
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Show changes between commits, commit and working tree,

git diff
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Remove tracked files from the current working tree

git rm {{FILE}}
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Top comments (4)

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arvindpdmn profile image
Arvind Padmanabhan
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vineethtrv profile image
Vineeth.TR Author

Thank you

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vishalraj82 profile image
Vishal Raj

I believe the git details are stored in home folder of user, by name .gitconfig
.npmrc stores the authorization token from npmjs.com

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vineethtrv profile image
Vineeth.TR Author

Yes, You are right @vishal Raj
Thank you for the correction

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