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Kenichiro Nakamura
Kenichiro Nakamura

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C#: Unit Testing Azure Files SDK

Azure Files is great service to store files like local disk. I use C# SDK to access to the service, but unit testing was not straight forward.

Sample code

Let's imagine we have C# code as below, which returns all share names from the Azure Files. I use DI for ShareServiceClient here. The code is quite simple, eh?

using Azure.Storage.Files.Shares;
using Azure.Storage.Files.Shares.Models;

namespace AzureFilesSample;

public class AzureFileSampleService
    private readonly ShareServiceClient shareServiceClient;

    public AzureFileSampleService(ShareServiceClient shareServiceClient)
        this.shareServiceClient = shareServiceClient;
    public async Task<List<string>> GetFileSharesAsync()
        List<string> fileShares = new List<string>();
        await foreach (ShareItem item in shareServiceClient

        return fileShares;
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Unit test

To write unit test for the above code, we need to mock ShareServiceClient. However, I cannot instantiate ShareItem as it only has internal constructor. After I browse its source code in github, I found ShareModelFactory class which let us instantiate related models.

This is the unit testing code. I use xUnit and moq library.

  • Use ShareModelFactory to instantiate items
  • Refer to Azure Mocking page to mock Azure response related object.
public async Task Test1()
    Mock<ShareServiceClient> mockedShareServiceClient = new Mock<ShareServiceClient>();
    ShareItem shareItem1 = ShareModelFactory.ShareItem("name1", ShareModelFactory.ShareProperties());
    ShareItem shareItem2 = ShareModelFactory.ShareItem("name2", ShareModelFactory.ShareProperties());
    ShareItem[] pageValues = new[] { shareItem1, shareItem2 };
    Page<ShareItem> page = Page<ShareItem>.FromValues(pageValues, default, new Mock<Response>().Object);
    Pageable<ShareItem> pageable = Pageable<ShareItem>.FromPages(new[] { page });
    AsyncPageable<ShareItem> asyncPageable = AsyncPageable<ShareItem>.FromPages(new[] { page });
    mockedShareServiceClient.Setup(x => x.GetSharesAsync(ShareTraits.None, ShareStates.None, null, CancellationToken.None))

    AzureFileSampleService service = new AzureFileSampleService(mockedShareServiceClient.Object);

    var results = await service.GetFileSharesAsync();

    Assert.Equal("name1", results.First());
    Assert.Equal("name2", results.Last());
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Obviously, Azure Mocking is a great resource for unit test but we need to see source code to figure out how to write unit test time to time.


Async Enumerables

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