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Create Image Slider With Navigation Buttons Using HTML, CSS & JS

monalishamondol profile image Monalisha Mondol ・4 min read

Today in this blog I'll share the image slider effect using HTML, CSS & javascript.
I'm sure that you have seen the Image Slideshow Effect on many websites. A slide show is a presentation of a series of still images on a projection screen or electronic display device, typically in a prearranged sequence.


In the video, you have seen the image slider effect and I hope you've understood the basic codes behind creating this slider.

HTML Code:



    <div class="slider-ctr">
        <figure class="slide"><img src="dori.jpg" alt="Sky"/>
          <figcaption> 
            <div class="title">Doraemon</div>
            <div class="author">Doraemon and Nobita</div>
          </figcaption>
        </figure>



        <figure class="slide"><img src="vim.jpg" alt="Sky"/>
          <figcaption> 
            <div class="title">Bheem</div>
            <div class="author">Chota Bheem</div>
          </figcaption>
        </figure>



        <figure class="slide"><img src="oggy.jpg" alt="River"/>
          <figcaption> 
            <div class="title">Oggy</div>
            <div class="author">Oggy and the Cockroaches</div>
          </figcaption>
        </figure>


        <figure class="slide"><img src="tom.jpg" alt="Rain"/>
          <figcaption>
            <div class="title">Tom</div>
            <div class="author">Tom and Jerry</div>
          </figcaption>
        </figure>


        <figure class="slide text-on"><img src="jan-book.jpg" alt="Ocean"/>
          <figcaption>
            <div class="title">Mowgli</div>
            <div class="author">The Jangal Book</div>
          </figcaption>
        </figure>


        <div class="slider-control">
          <div class="control prev disabled">
            <div class="fa fa-chevron-left"></div>
          </div>

          <div class="control next">
            <div class="fa fa-chevron-right"></div>
          </div>
        </div>
      </div>
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CSS Code:


html,
body {
  height: 100%;
  width: 100%;
  position: relative;
  font-family: Roboto;
  background: #868686;
}

.slider-ctr {
  width: 485px;
  height: 280px;
  position: absolute;
  top: 50%;

  left: 50%;
  margin-top: -130px;
  margin-left: -222px;
  box-sizing: border-box;
  border: 10px solid white;
  border-radius: 5px;
  overflow: hidden;
  box-shadow: 0 10px 15px 3px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.15), 0 5px 20px 3px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.1);
}
.slider-ctr:after {
  content: "";
  position: absolute;
  top: 0;
  right: 0;
  bottom: 0;
  left: 0;

  background: linear-gradient(to bottom, transparent 70%, rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.6) 100%);
  background: -webkit-linear-gradient(to bottom, transparent 70%, rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.6) 100%);
  pointer-events: none;
  z-index: 9;
}

.slider-control {
  position: absolute;
  right: 30px;
  bottom: 30px;
  width: 60px;
  overflow: hidden;
  border-radius: 3px;
  box-shadow: 0 3px 3px 3px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.15);
  z-index: 99;
}
.slider-control .control {
  width: 50%;
  height: 30px;
  display: block;
  float: left;
  text-align: center;
  line-height: 30px;
  cursor: pointer;
  transition: 0.3s all ease;
  background: white;
}
.slider-control .control .icon {
  pointer-events: none;
  transition: 0.3s all ease;
}
.slider-control .control.disabled {
  pointer-events: none;
  background: #ddd;
}
.slider-control .control.disabled .icon {
  opacity: 0.5;
}

.slide {
  position: absolute;
  top: 0;
  right: 0;
  bottom: 0;
  left: 0;
  padding: 0px;
  margin: 0px;
  transition: 0.45s all cubic-bezier(0.65, 0.05, 0.36, 1);
  -webkit-clip-path: inset(0 0 0 0);
  clip-path: inset(0 0 0 0);
}
.slide:before {
  content: "";
  position: absolute;
  top: 0;
  right: 0;
  bottom: 0;
  left: 0;
  background: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.125);
}
.slide.slide-on {
  -webkit-clip-path: inset(0 100% 0 0);
  clip-path: inset(0 100% 0 0);
}
.slide.text-on .title {
  transition: 0.3s all cubic-bezier(0.65, 0.05, 0.36, 1) 0.45s;
  -webkit-clip-path: inset(0 0 0 0);
  clip-path: inset(0 0 0 0);
}
.slide.text-on .author {
  transition: 0.3s all cubic-bezier(0.65, 0.05, 0.36, 1) 0.6s;
  -webkit-clip-path: inset(0 0 0 0);
  clip-path: inset(0 0 0 0);
}
.slide img {
  display: block;
  width: 100%;

}
.slide figcaption {
  position: absolute;
  top: 10px;
  left: 20px;
}
.slide .title {
  font-size: 20px;
  margin-bottom: 2px;
  color: rgb(255, 253, 253);
  transition: 0.3s all cubic-bezier(0.65, 0.05, 0.36, 1) 0.45s;
  -webkit-clip-path: inset(0 0 0 100%);
  clip-path: inset(0 0 0 100%);
  font-weight: 400;
  letter-spacing: 4px;
  text-transform: uppercase;
  position: relative;
} 

.slide .author{
  color: white;
}
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JavaScript Code:

// buttons

      var sliderControl = document.querySelector(".slider-control");

      // slides informations

      var slides = document.querySelectorAll(".slide"),
          slidesLength = slides.length;

      // slides array

      var slidesArr = [].slice.call(slides);

      // reverse array sorting

      slidesArr = slidesArr.reverse();


      // slide current
      var slideCurrent = 0;

      sliderControl.addEventListener("click", function(e){
        target = e.target;

        // Get next button
        if(target.classList.contains("next")){
          next = e.target,
          prev = next.previousElementSibling,
          nextSlide = slidesArr[slideCurrent + 1],
          slide = slidesArr[slideCurrent];

          slide.classList.add("slide-on");
          slide.classList.remove("text-on");
          nextSlide.classList.add("text-on");

          slideCurrent += 1;        
          if(slideCurrent > 0) {
            prev.classList.remove("disabled");
          }         
          if(slideCurrent === slidesLength - 1){
            next.classList.add("disabled");
          }
     }     

     // get prev button
         if(target.classList.contains("prev")){

          slideCurrent -= 1;

          prev = e.target,
          next = prev.nextElementSibling,
          prevSlide = slidesArr[slideCurrent + 1],
          slidesArr[slideCurrent];
          prevSlide.classList.remove("text-on");
          slide.classList.remove("slide-on");
          slide.classList.add("text-on");

          if(slideCurrent === slidesLength - 2){
            next.classList.add("disabled");
          }
          if(slideCurrent === 0){
          prev.classList.add("disabled");}

         }        
 });

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Watch the video tutorial: Click Here {YouTube}

Discussion (3)

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mafee6 profile image
MAFEE7

wow

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kernix13 profile image
Jim Kernicky

Very nice - thanks!

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0xldev profile image
0xLDev

good for you

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