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Git is the free and open source distributed version control system that's responsible for everything GitHub related that happens locally on your computer. This cheat sheet features the most important and commonly used Git commands for easy reference.
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With platform specific installers for Git, GitHub also provides the ease of staying up-to-date with the latest releases of the command line tool while providing a graphical user interface for day-to-day interaction, review, and repository synchronization.
the latest release is available on the official Git web site.
git config --global user.name “[firstname lastname]”
set a name that is identifiable for credit when review version history
git config --global user.email “[valid-email]”
set an email address that will be associated with each history marker
git config --global color.ui auto
set automatic command line coloring for Git for easy reviewing
initialize an existing directory as a Git repository
git clone [url]
retrieve an entire repository from a hosted location via URL
show modified files in working directory, staged for your next commit
git add [file]
add a file as it looks now to your next commit (stage)
git reset [file]
unstage a file while retaining the changes in working directory
diff of what is changed but not staged
git diff --staged
diff of what is staged but not yet committed
git commit -m “[descriptive message]”
commit your staged content as a new commit snapshot
list your branches. a * will appear next to the currently active branch