miku86

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# JavaScript Katas: Split a number array into odd and even numbers

## Intro 🌐

Today, I start a new series about code katas.

I will take interesting katas of all levels and explain how to solve them.

Problem solving is an important skill, for your career and your life in general.

You'd better learn to solve problems!

## Source

I take the ideas for the katas from different sources and re-write them.

Today's source: Codewars

## Understanding the Exercise ❗

First, we need to understand the exercise!

This is a crucial part of (software) engineering.

Go over the exercise explanation again until you understand it 100%.

Do NOT try to save time here.

My method to do this:

1. Input: What do I put in?
2. Output: What do I want to get out?

### Today's exercise

Write a function `splitOddAndEven`, that accepts one parameter: `numbers`, an array of positive numbers.

The function should return an object with two arrays in it, one for all `odd` numbers and one for all `even` numbers.

Input: an array of numbers.

Output: an object with two arrays of numbers, one for the odd ones, one for the even ones.

## Thinking about the Solution 💭

I think I understand the exercise (= what I put into the function and what I want to get out of it).

Now, I need the specific steps to get from input to output.

I try to do this in small baby steps.

• loop over the input array
• if number is odd, save it in a variable `odd`
• if number is even, save it in a variable `even`
• return `odd` and `even` in an object

Example:

• Input: `[1, 2, 3]`
• Round 1: `odd = [1]` // first number in array is 1, which is odd, therefore goes into odd array
• Round 2: `even = [2]` // second number in array is 2, which is even, therefore goes into even array
• Round 3: `odd = [1, 3]` // third number in array is 3, which is odd, therefore goes into odd array, too
• Output: `{ odd: [1, 3], even: [2] }` // put odd array and even array in an object

## Implementation (for loop) ⛑

``````function splitOddAndEven(numbers) {
let odd = [];
let even = [];

for (let i = 0; i < numbers.length; i++) {
if (numbers[i] % 2 === 0) {
// number is even
even.push(numbers[i]);
} else {
// number is not even (=odd)
odd.push(numbers[i]);
}
}

// create an object with the odd and even array in it
const returnObject = {
odd,
even,
};

return returnObject;
}
``````

## Result

``````console.log(splitOddAndEven([1, 2, 3]));
// { odd: [ 1, 3 ], even: [ 2 ] }

console.log(splitOddAndEven([0, 3, 5]));
// { odd: [ 3, 5 ], even: [ 0 ] }
``````

## Implementation (for of-loop) ⛑

``````function splitOddAndEven(numbers) {
let odd = [];
let even = [];

for (const number of numbers) {
if (number % 2 === 0) {
// number is even
even.push(number);
} else {
// number is not even (=odd)
odd.push(number);
}
}

// create an object with the odd and even array in it
const returnObject = {
odd,
even,
};

return returnObject;
}
``````

## Result

``````console.log(splitOddAndEven([1, 2, 3]));
// { odd: [ 1, 3 ], even: [ 2 ] }

console.log(splitOddAndEven([0, 3, 5]));
// { odd: [ 3, 5 ], even: [ 0 ] }
``````

## Implementation (Functional) ⛑

``````function splitOddAndEven(numbers) {
// filter out the odd numbers
const odd = numbers.filter((number) => number % 2 === 1);

// filter out the even numbers
const even = numbers.filter((number) => number % 2 === 0);

// create an object with the odd and even array in it
const returnObject = {
odd,
even,
};

return returnObject;
}
``````

## Result

``````console.log(splitOddAndEven([1, 2, 3]));
// { odd: [ 1, 3 ], even: [ 2 ] }

console.log(splitOddAndEven([0, 3, 5]));
// { odd: [ 3, 5 ], even: [ 0 ] }
``````

## Playground ⚽

You can play around with the code here

## Next Part ➡️

Great work, mate!

Next time, we'll solve the next kata. Stay tuned!

If I should solve a specific kata, shoot me a message here.

I would love to get in touch with you!

## Questions ❔

• Do you like to solve katas?
• Which implementation do you like more? Why?
• Any alternative solution?

Abe Dolinger
``````

const splitNumbers = numbers => {
const oddsAndEvens = { odds: [], evens: [] };

numbers.forEach(number => {
oddsAndEvens[number % 2 === 0 ? 'evens' : 'odds']
.push(number);
};

return oddsAndEvens;
};

``````

miku86

Hi Abe,

nice solution, thanks!

Abe Dolinger

All credit to this post! codereview.stackexchange.com/a/162... Been using this at work and loving it.

The problem with katas is that they ignore the 'why' of the problem.

Since we don't know why we're doing this, let's delegate that problem to the caller as much as possible.

This is really a classification problem.

``````const splitNumber = (numbers, emitEven, emitOdd) =>
numbers.forEach(n => (n % 2 ? emitOdd : emitEven)(number));
``````

Now we can defer the arrangement of the classified numbers to someone else.

If they want to store them in arrays, then they can do that.

``````const even = [];
const odd = [];
splitNumber(numbers, n => even.push(n), n => odd.push(n));
``````

But that's their problem.

miku86

Hi,

TheOnlyBeardedBeast

Or a simple reduce for the functional way

numbers.reduce((acc,val)=>{
return (val%2===1 ? {...acc,odd:[...acc.odd,val]}:{...acc,even:[...acc.even,val]});
},{odd:[],even:[]})

Monica

I was just going to comment, that this would also be done with reduce (my favorite)

miku86

Hey there,

Nice opportunity for people who want to step up their `reduce`-skills.