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ryanharris.dev
ryanharris.dev

Posted on • Originally published at ryanharris.dev

React Hooks Revisited: Introduction

Hooks are functions that let you β€œhook into” React state and lifecycle features from function components ~ React docs

Introduced in React v16.8, the hooks API represents a change in how developers compose their components. Intended to compartmentalize blocks of functionality, they make reusing code across your application easier. They also mark a shift away from using class components and the use of lifecycle methods.

When hooks were first introduced at React Conf 2018, the React team explained the motivations behind them. Essentially, they wanted to solve many problems all at once:

  1. It can be hard to re-use logic between components
  2. Complex component files are huge
  3. Understanding classes in JavaScript can be difficult to understand (for humans and compilers)

For a much more detailed explanation about the origin of hooks, make sure to check out the team's full talk featuring Dan Abramov, Sophie Alpert and Ryan Florence.

Goals for the series

When the hooks API moved out of beta, my team started using them almost immediately. However, most of the logic for the feature I was working on at the time was contained within class components still using lifecycle methods. When creating new components, I was using function components and hooks; however, the components usually weren't complex enough to leverage more than useState or useEffect.

Currently, I work in a codebase that was all written "post-class components" and I want to revisit (hence the title of this series) how they all work, as well as when to use them.

To do that, I've written an article about each hook in the standard React library. Each piece is linked below and will cover the hook in depth, including code samples illustrating how it works.

Top comments (2)

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frostys profile image
Frostys

In course 7. useMemo, I am a bit surprised of your usage of useMemo :

useMemo(() => {
 ...
 setCoordData(data);
});
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

as the official react doc states : "Remember that the function passed to useMemo runs during rendering. Don’t do anything there that you wouldn’t normally do while rendering. For example, side effects belong in useEffect, not useMemo."

calling setCoordData is a side effect !

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caketi profile image
zhao

so cool, must have a read

"I made 10x faster JSON.stringify() functions, even type safe"

☝️ Must read for JS devs