Recently we encountered an interesting situation after migrating our web application to a new server - all the generated PDFs started to look slightly different than before. This was unexpected as no changes were made to fonts, yet after a short research the conclusion was that the fonts were different.
We used Adobe Acrobat to check for font names and found three different results for old server, new server and locally generated PDFs. This pointed to the fact that the generic sans-serif font family was declared and the tool we use for PDF generation (wkhtmltopdf) used the default sans-serif font available on the operating system the application was running on (
Helvetica on local Mac OS and
DejaVu Sans on new CentOS Linux 7 server). Since the documents were required to look the same and wkhtmltopdf has issues with Webfonts, the agreed solution was to install the same old font and set it as the default sans-serif on the new remote server.
After SSH-ing to the remote server, we checked which operating system was present:
We also used the following commands to check
fc-match -a # print which fonts are used fc-list # print where font files are located
This gave us enough information for further steps.
On CentOS, custom font files for each user need to be placed inside
~/.fonts directory. Since that directory didn't exist, we created it with
cd # make sure we are in home directory mkdir .fonts
After the .fonts directory is created, we needed to upload the font files in that directory. This can be done in multiple ways, but here we will mention the two simplest (if you don't have sudo access).
This is a great option if the font in question is available on a publicly available third-party server like TTFonts. Inside the .fonts directory we run:
wget --no-check-certificate "http://ttfonts.net/sfonts/2/27260_NimbusSanL.ttf" wget --no-check-certificate "https://ttfonts.net/sfonts/2/27258_NimbusSanLBold.ttf"
Notice we used both regular and bold font files.
In case you have the needed font files available on your machine, you need to upload them to the remote. Our colleague Maroje recently wrote a great article about how to do just that and it was very useful.
For this option, open a terminal on your local machine and navigate to the directory which contains your font files.
Since we use SSH on our server and login without a password, we used the following command to copy all .ttf files in current directory to remote server:
scp -i /Users/username/.ssh/public_key.pub *.ttf remote-user@remote-host-ip:~/.fonts
For more information please see Maroje's post as he explained it in more detail.
With the font files present on the server, they are ready to be used... but our situation required us to specify that font as the default sans-serif.
This was done by navigating to
~/.config directory and creating a new
fontconfig directory to hold our font alias file, which we create using the ubiquitous nano editor.
cd ~/.config mkdir fontconfig cd fontconfig nano fonts.conf
The content of fonts.conf file:
<?xml version='1.0'?> <!DOCTYPE fontconfig SYSTEM 'fonts.dtd'> <fontconfig> <alias> <family>sans-serif</family> <prefer><family>NimbusSanL</family></prefer> </alias> </fontconfig>
And that's it! The new font started being used immediately, even though several references advised to use:
fc-cache -f -v
This was a short tutorial-like post on font installation on a remote Linux machine without GUI. As a mostly front-end dev, this was somewhat out of my comfort zone but very interesting and I was happy with the result. Hopefully this helps somebody and I will put the references for more info.