.NET has emerged as one of the most well-equipped solutions for performance-savvy web app development. .NET developers are experiencing demand like never before. To Hire Backend Developer technology many companies have undergone a shift of approach. This is high time to take a closer look at the various options and approaches that you have for .NET based web app development.
Model-view-controller (MVC) application architecture
By default any .NET developer these days has two choices, respectively, ASP.NET Core or ASP.NET MVC. Both of the .NET frameworks work by using model-view-controller (MVC) patterns. As it is obvious from the name, this architecture pattern consists of 3 key elements, namely, Model, View and Controller. Before we go deeper into the .NET development, we need to have a closer look at these building blocks one by one.
Model: Model represents the application state by encapsulating the business logic of the app. This business logic carried within the model helps to retrieve the current state, keep the data to the data store and carry out modification of the application state.
Controller: Controller is basically there to respond to the user requests by mitigating it with the model and thereby presenting the requested data in a proper manner and again pass the data back to the model.
View: View refers to the rendering of the web page to the end-user. While rendering they utilize the data passed by the model and as per the logic. Sometimes, to do away with too much logic in the view, the Controller can also create a highly specialized view that can serve the purpose of a wrapper for the data of the model.
The MVC architecture has gained huge popularity because of the control it offers to the app developers. This architecture works superbly with all kinds of stateless models that come from the HTTP protocol.
Here below we explain how HTML requests are handled by the .NET model.
The MVC architecture ideally works best for developing web applications that can be totally rendered on the server without any difficulty in being indexed by the search engines and those web apps that involve a bigger scope of user interaction.
The second option is the ASP.NET Core which is a lot modern and well-equipped. .NET Core having capability to run on Windows, Linux and macOS enjoy a broader scope of implementation. By using ASP.NET Core Web Application template the developers can easily create projects in Visual Studio.
ASP.NET MVC is the preceding version of the ASP.NET Core. Running on top of the .NET framework and offering nil support for .NET Core has already become obsolete since there is no active development support for this. This is why for building new applications ASP.NET MVC isn't used by most developers. Though from the outset, ASP.NET MVC seems to be a lot similar to ASP.NET Core with the main project structure still containing the three core folders.
Single-page application (SPA) architecture
There is another type of .NET architecture option for building a single page web app that differs considerably from the regular web app projects. When you Hire ASP.Net Developers for building a single-page web app, you need to make sure that the developer is versed in this architecture and its challenges.
In a regular web app project, each and every user interaction basically prompts an HTTP request to the server. Following the request the server will provide a new web page to the browser for rendering.
Single-page application (SPA) architecture is mainly preferred by web applications that involve an intensive level of user activity and interactions. Generally, this architecture is preferred for delivering more engaging user experience.
But this architecture has its own disadvantages as well. The updating of the page happens on the browser and the final look and feel of the page take shape in the browser only. Naturally, the server having no direct role for rendering the web page except supplying data in JSON format gets less exposure to search engines. So, if the contents of single page websites need to be indexed often by the search engines, this architecture remains disadvantageous.
ASP.NET Core and ASP.NET Web API
When it comes to building web API by using ASP.NET, you need to have a different approach altogether. When creating a new project in Visual Studio 2019 using the ASP.NET Core Web Application template you need to select the API option in the designated step of the respective wizard for new projects.
For web API also both the controller classes for responding to requests and models for encapsulating the business logic are there. But you don't have the View element here since the action methods can directly return the view models serially put down in JSON format.
ASP.NET Web Forms
Lastly, for developing ASP.NET Web Forms you can expect a totally different development approach. It may appear to be a client-side programming model for the developers. Just as it happens with the MVC applications, the entire communication between the front end and back end uses a stateless approach for the sake of dealing with HTTP requests and responses.
From the above description and brief elucidation it is quite clear that there are many development approaches for building web applications using .NET technology. However for every different kind of web app and web development requirement, you need to consider the suitable and appropriate .NET architecture.
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