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Zachary Powell
Zachary Powell

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How can I allow users to use a Google account for sign-in without a GMS phone?

If users have not installed GMS on their phones, they cannot directly sign in to your app using a Google account. In this case, you can let them sign in to your app in web mode by obtaining the access token for sign-in authentication from Google. The procedure is as follows:

Sign in to the Google Play Console, click Credentials, and create an OAuth 2.0 client ID with Type set to Web application.

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Go to the settings page and find Client ID and Client secret on the right side of the page, which are needed for integrating Google sign-in. Add a URI of the page to be displayed after the web sign-in is complete to Authorized redirect URIs.

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When users want to sign in with their Google accounts, the web page domain name that is https://accounts.google.com/o/oauth2/v2/auth, query should be opened. Add the following parameters to it.

  • client_id - Required - The client ID for your application. You can find this value in the API Console Credentials page.

  • redirect_uri - Required - Determines where the API server redirects the user after the user completes the authorization flow. The value must exactly match one of the authorized redirect URIs for the OAuth 2.0 client, which you configured in your client's API Console Credentials page. If this value doesn't match an authorized redirect URI for the provided client_id you will get a redirect_uri_mismatch error.
    Note that the http or https scheme, case, and trailing slash ('/') must all match.

  • response_type - Required - Determines whether the Google OAuth 2.0 endpoint returns an authorization code.
    Set the parameter value to code for web server applications.

  • scope - Required - A space-delimited list of scopes that identify the resources that your application could access on the user's behalf. These values inform the consent screen that Google displays to the user.
    Scopes enable your application to only request access to the resources that it needs while also enabling users to control the amount of access that they grant to your application. Thus, there is an inverse relationship between the number of scopes requested and the likelihood of obtaining user consent.
    We recommend that your application request access to authorization scopes in context whenever possible. By requesting access to user data in context, via incremental authorization, you help users to more easily understand why your application needs the access it is requesting.

  • access_type - Recommended - Indicates whether your application can refresh access tokens when the user is not present at the browser. Valid parameter values are online, which is the default value, and offline.
    Set the value to offline if your application needs to refresh access tokens when the user is not present at the browser. This is the method of refreshing access tokens described later in this document. This value instructs the Google authorization server to return a refresh token and an access token the first time that your application exchanges an authorization code for tokens.

  • state - Recommended - Specifies any string value that your application uses to maintain state between your authorization request and the authorization server's response. The server returns the exact value that you send as a name=value pair in the URL fragment identifier (#) of the redirect_uri after the user consents to or denies your application's access request.
    You can use this parameter for several purposes, such as directing the user to the correct resource in your application, sending nonces, and mitigating cross-site request forgery. Since your redirect_uri can be guessed, using a state value can increase your assurance that an incoming connection is the result of an authentication request. If you generate a random string or encode the hash of a cookie or another value that captures the client's state, you can validate the response to additionally ensure that the request and response originated in the same browser, providing protection against attacks such as cross-site request forgery. See the OpenID Connect documentation for an example of how to create and confirm a state token.

  • include_granted_scopes - Optional - Enables applications to use incremental authorization to request access to additional scopes in context. If you set this parameter's value to true and the authorization request is granted, then the new access token will also cover any scopes to which the user previously granted the application access. See the incremental authorization section for examples.

  • login_hint - Optional - If your application knows which user is trying to authenticate, it can use this parameter to provide a hint to the Google Authentication Server. The server uses the hint to simplify the login flow either by prefilling the email field in the sign-in form or by selecting the appropriate multi-login session.
    Set the parameter value to an email address or sub identifier, which is equivalent to the user's Google ID.

  • prompt - Optional - A space-delimited, case-sensitive list of prompts to present the user. If you don't specify this parameter, the user will be prompted only the first time your project requests access.
    Possible values are:
    none Do not display any authentication or consent screens. Must not be specified with other values.
    consent Prompt the user for consent.
    select_account Prompt the user to select an account.

Examples

redirect_uri is the URI we configured in step 2.

When the web page we generated in step 3 is opened, the Google account sign-in page is displayed. Once users are signed in, they will be redirected to the URI we set for redirect_uri. You should save the code value that clings to this domain name.

Example:

In this case, the code value is as follows:

4%2FzAFyRfnDjPJKLRlkcZCedy-P6GpYbmAPpOvbmeUwXCfv0lXkUWjjHRXGtrwpoordursX2wfKShoGakKbLGzS4Ac

After obtaining the code value, send an HTTP request to https://oauth2.googleapis.com/token to obtain the value of access_token required for AppGallery Connect authentication.
The parameters are as follows.

  • client_id - The client ID obtained from the API Console Credentials page.
  • client_secret - The client secret obtained from the API Console Credentials page.
  • code - The authorization code returned from the initial request.
  • grant_type - As defined in the OAuth 2.0 specification, this field must contain a value of authorization_code.
  • redirect_uri - One of the redirect URIs listed for your project in the API Console Credentials page for the given client_id.

Example:

The return result of the request carries the access_token you need.
Example of the return result:

  1. Use the token to pass the AppGallery Connect authentication. Sample code

References

  1. Create a client ID on Google Play Console
  2. Sign in to AppGallery Connect with a Google account

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