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Md. Mobin
Md. Mobin

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Create Switch Case Kind Widget in Flutter

Welcome back guys,Today we are going to learn some new quick technique by which we can enhance our flutter code readability.

We are going to create own Switch-Case like conditional widgets or same like bloc state (builder).

We will be going through basics,

What is Switch-Case?

In Dart, the switch statement is used for conditional branching based on the value of a variable. It provides a convenient way to execute different code blocks based on the value of an expression. The structure of a switch statement in Dart is as follows

switch (expression) {
  case value1:
    // Code to execute if expression matches value1
  case value2:
    // Code to execute if expression matches value2
  // Additional cases
    // Code to execute if none of the cases match the expression
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Conditional Widget

In flutter, for example on the basis of condition you have to hide or show some widget,for example loading indicator so for that we can use visibility widget,if-else, or ternary operators.

If we have options then why we need switch case widget

  • Visibility: we know that visible hide the specified on widget on given boolean value,for example
   visible: false,
   child: Text("Hello,world")),
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it is obviously good option but it will not work on multiple choices and it can be either Widget A or Widget B (if replacement specified).

  • if else or ternary operator: if else/ternary operator are useful to show conditional widget but when the no of cases increase it become difficult to read.

Solution ??

meme 1

for that we are going to create Switch-case like custom widget

  • Creating Custom StatelessWidget SwitchCaseWidget:
class SwitchCaseWidget<T> extends StatelessWidget {
  final Widget? Function(T? t) stateBuilder;
  final T activeState;

  const SwitchCaseWidget({
    required this.stateBuilder,
    required this.activeState,

  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return stateBuilder(activeState) ?? const SizedBox.shrink();
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Let's go through each part of the SwitchCaseWidget class and its functionality:

  1. class SwitchCaseWidget<T> extends StatelessWidget: This line defines a Dart class named SwitchCaseWidget that is generic over a type T. It extends the StatelessWidget class, indicating that this widget does not have any mutable state.

  2. final Widget? Function(T? t) stateBuilder;: It represents a function that takes a value of type T or nullable T and returns a widget or null. The function will be responsible for determining the widget to return based on the value passed to it.

  3. final T activeState;: This line declares a final variable value of type T. It represents the value that will be passed to the stateBuilder function to determine the widget.

The purpose of the SwitchCaseWidget class is to simplify the process of creating widgets based on different cases or values. By providing a cases function and a value, you can dynamically determine and render different widgets based on the provided value.

  • Before use it let's create states possible, for the following example I am going to have 3 states,
    • Loading State
    • Error State
    • Data Loaded State most commonly used states in flutter.

abstract class WidgetSwitchCase {}

class LoadingWidgetCase extends WidgetSwitchCase {}

class ErrorWidgetCase extends WidgetSwitchCase {
  final String message;
  ErrorWidgetCase({required this.message});

class DataLoadedCase extends WidgetSwitchCase {
  List<int> data = List.generate(12, (index) => index);

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Here's an explanation of each state class:

  1. LoadingWidgetCase: This class represents the loading state of the widget. It is a subclass of WidgetSwitchCase, indicating that it is one of the possible cases handled by the WidgetSwitchCase. It doesn't have any additional properties or methods.

  2. ErrorWidgetCase: This class represents the error state of the widget. It is also a subclass of WidgetSwitchCase. It has an additional property message of type String that stores the error message. When an instance of ErrorWidgetCase is used, the error message can be passed to it via the constructor.

  3. DataLoadedCase: This class represents the state when data is successfully loaded. It is also a subclass of WidgetSwitchCase. It has an additional property data which is a List<int> holding some sample data. In this example, it generates a list of integers from 0 to 11 using the List.generate method.

Note : You can define your own custom states.


It has very easy usage and also good readability

            activeState: switchCaseExample,
            stateBuilder: (WidgetSwitchCase? value) {
              if (value is LoadingWidgetCase) {
                return const CircularProgressIndicator();
              if (value is ErrorWidgetCase) {
                return Text(
                  style: const TextStyle(color:, fontSize: 30),
              if (value is DataLoadedCase) {
                return Center(
                  child: Column(
                        .map((e) => Text(
                              style: const TextStyle(fontSize: 20),
              //default case
              return null;
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  • Loading state:
    loading state

  • Error State

Error State

  • Data loaded State

data loaded state

Note: it is not going to reduce if-else condition but add more readability then normal if else in Flutter State widget.

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