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Galtzo
Galtzo

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I use shared hosting as my build server. Here's how.

Hugo is a framework for building websites. It is particularly adept with blogging, and sites that are primarily static, but has many great use cases. It claims to be the fastest, and it is very fast, but this is not about benchmarking.

I will be using the toha theme, because I like it, but there are hundreds of themes to choose from.

I will be using Dreamhost as my shared hosting provider, because I have been using them since 2006, they have never done me wrong, and they seem to treat humans and robots well.

This post won't cover everything starting from scratch, as I already have a site running, and just need to upgrade it, but I may expand it over time with additional setup details. Many parts of the upgrade process are the same as the ones used to setup initially.

Find the latest Hugo release

  1. Go to https://github.com/gohugoio/hugo/releases
  2. Within the latest (currently 0.101.0) release section, scroll down to Assets, and find the link to the extended, linux, 64bit, deb package. In my case it is named: hugo_extended_0.101.0_Linux-64bit.deb.
  3. Right click the link, and copy the link address, you will paste it in the next step after wget. In my case the URL is https://github.com/gohugoio/hugo/releases/download/v0.101.0/hugo_extended_0.101.0_Linux-64bit.deb.
  4. Open a text editor and start building the commands you will later run.
# ssh into server...
# Make a 'faux-root' directory.
> FAUXROOT=~/root
> mkdir -p $FAUXROOT
# Make a directory to hold the `.deb` packages you download.
> mkdir -p debs
> cd debs

# Download Hugo. NOTE: Replace this link with the link you copied (probably a newer version of Hugo).
> wget https://github.com/gohugoio/hugo/releases/download/v0.101.0/hugo_extended_0.101.0_Linux-64bit.deb
# Download any other .deb packages you may need into this same directory.
# Then install them all.
> for d in *.deb; do echo "Installing $d"; dpkg -x $d $FAUXROOT; done
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Now you have Hugo installed! Create a file deploy.sh:

#!/usr/bin/env bash

set -x

# ENV setup
FAUXROOT=~/root

# Website Info
SITE_NAME=railsbling
SITE_TLD=com
SITE_DOMAIN="$SITE_NAME.$SITE_TLD"
SITE_URL="http://www.$SITE_DOMAIN"
# What is the theme?
THEME_NAME=toha

# Check that Hugo is installed and available at the expected path.
$FAUXROOT/usr/local/bin/hugo version
# I have my git repo replicated on my server, so this is a path to a repo (not a clone of a repo, an actual repo).
# You could change this to any kind of git-cloneable address.
# It doesn't need to be an actual repo path, just needs to be a cloneable thing.
SITE_REPO=$HOME/$SITE_NAME.git
# This temporary directory is used by the build process.
# We clone the (local) repo, and remote submodule theme everytime we update.
SITE_TMP=$HOME/tmp/$SITE_NAME
# Where the final, built, site will land, to be served on the  internet.
SITE_WWW=$HOME/$SITE_DOMAIN

# Clone into the temporary directories.
rm -rf "$SITE_TMP"
git clone "$SITE_REPO" "$SITE_TMP" --recurse-submodules

# Then build
$FAUXROOT/usr/local/bin/hugo --theme="$THEME_NAME" -s "$SITE_TMP" -d "$SITE_WWW" -b "$SITE_URL"
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You can now call this script from your git post-receive hook ($SITE_REPO/.git/hooks/post-receive) if you want. When I do that I get a strange error from git that I haven't figured out, so I still have to run it manually.

remote: Start building sites … 
remote: hugo v0.101.0-466fa43c16709b4483689930a4f9ac8add5c9f66+extended linux/amd64 BuildDate=2022-06-16T07:09:16Z VendorInfo=gohugoio
remote: ERROR 2022/06/29 18:18:53 Failed to read Git log: fatal: not a git repository: '.'
remote: Error: Error building site: logged 1 error(s)
remote: Total in 7075 ms
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Anyways, the manual result works, and is not going to win any races... but also, it is a single command now!

Start building sites …
hugo v0.101.0-466fa43c16709b4483689930a4f9ac8add5c9f66+extended linux/amd64 BuildDate=2022-06-16T07:09:16Z VendorInfo=gohugoio

                   | EN
-------------------+------
  Pages            | 341
  Paginator pages  |  33
  Non-page files   |   0
  Static files     | 397
  Processed images |  40
  Aliases          | 124
  Sitemaps         |   1
  Cleaned          |   0

Total in 7536 ms
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Happy coding!

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