DEV Community 👩‍💻👨‍💻

Hemant Govekar
Hemant Govekar

Posted on • Updated on

Simple Hook to fetch data (ReactJs)

We will create a simple hook for fetching data from url
http://jsonplaceholder.typicode.com

We will call http://jsonplaceholder.typicode.com/users and http://jsonplaceholder.typicode.com/posts url

To avoid duplicity of code we will create a useFetch hook and pass a url parameter to it.

const useFetch = (url) => {
 ...
};
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Watch the video here on my channel

Step 1 : Install axios for fetching data and react-router-dom for routing

npm i --save axios  react-router-dom
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Step 2 : create useFetch hook for fetching data

import {useEffect, useState} from 'react';
import axios from 'axios';

const useFetch = (url) => {
  const [data, setData] = useState([]);
  const [isLoading, setIsLoading] = useState(true);

  const fetchData = () => {
    axios.get(url).then((res) => {
      setData(res.data);
      setIsLoading(false);
    });
  };

  useEffect(() => {
    fetchData();
  }, []);

  return {data, isLoading};
};

export default useFetch;
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Step 3 : Call the useFetch hook in Users and Posts components

Users.js

import React from 'react';
import useFetch from '../../hooks/useFetch';

const Users = () => {
  let url = 'https://jsonplaceholder.typicode.com/users';
  const {data, isLoading} = useFetch(url);

  return (
    <div className=" container ">
      <div className="card ">
        <div className="card-body">
          {!isLoading && data.map((m, i) => <div key={i}>{m.name}</div>)}
        </div>
      </div>
    </div>
  );
};

export default Users;
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Posts.js

import React from 'react';
import useFetch from '../../hooks/useFetch';

const Posts = () => {
  let url = 'https://jsonplaceholder.typicode.com/posts/1';
  const {data, isLoading} = useFetch(url);

  return (
    <div>{!isLoading && 'Title : ' + data.title + ' Body : ' + data.body}</div>
  );
};

export default Posts;
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Step 4 Configure Route in App.js

App.js

import {BrowserRouter as Router, Switch, Route, Link} from 'react-router-dom';

import Users from './components/Users/Users';
import Posts from './components/Users/Posts';

 <Router>
      <Header></Header>
      <Switch>       
        <Route path="/users" component={Users} />
        <Route path="/posts" component={Posts} />       
      </Switch>
    </Router>
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Step 5: Setting up link in Header.js to call the Components

Header.js

import {NavLink} from 'react-router-dom';

<NavLink to="/users" activeClassName="activeClass">
    Users
</NavLink>
<NavLink to="/posts" activeClassName="activeClass">
    Posts
</NavLink>
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

If you had any value adds, don't forget to subscribe my youtube channel

Watch the video here on my channel

Top comments (0)

🌚 Life is too short to browse without dark mode