5 CSS tips you didn't know you needed

Lynne Finnigan on November 28, 2018

Having worked in web development agencies over the years, I've picked up some tips and tricks along the way. There are some things that I use day... [Read Full]
 

The most useful trick I use in every project is:

* {
  box-sizing: border-box;
}

Which prevent breaking box dimensions with margin, padding or borders.

 

Yup, ..to be extra safe :D


  html {
    box-sizing: border-box;
  }
  *, *:before, *:after {
    box-sizing: inherit;
  }
 

Mh, the * selector is relatively very expensive: I would use it rather sparingly.

No. The * is the less expensive. Check some talk about performances by csswizardry

 

I think that using box-sizing: inherit;’ can be bad. If you do this, and decide to change box-sizing on an element, all of that elements children will also have their box-sizing changed.

Unless you are sure you want that to happen, it’s probably best just to use ‘box-sizing: border-box;’ to ensure that all elements use ‘border-box’. If any elements need a different box-sizing, you would override it with more specificity.

Yeah indeed, things can get messy in this case.

I was a box-sizing: inherit; person, then I realised this is super useful:

.page-restrictor {
  max-width: 1200px;
  margin: 0 auto;
  padding: 0 20px;
  box-sizing: content-box;
}

It means that when the screen is less than 1240px wide, it will have a 20px gap down either side of the screen with no need for media queries.

This technique doesn't work with box-sizing: inherit; though.

 
 
 

Thank you, Lynne, for that wonderful multi-line effect.

I saw it somewhere but forgot about it. Soon I'll use it on my next project.

I've made some Pens for practicing these & to simply copy-paste next time I use it. Of course, I've given credits to you on top of each CSS file. Here are the links -

1) Transitions - Button & Link

2) Background Overlay

3) Multi Line Underline Effect

4) Sticky Elements

5) Prevent Highlighting

 
 

A CSS trick with an effect on JS: pointer-events: none will remove an element from the DOM event tree even if it is in the foreground, which means that if you capture click events, you'll receive the parent. If you are using event.target, you'll save yourself some steps of filtering.

Interesting fact I found out: if you add text nodes via appendChild, some browsers will handle them as own elements inside the DOM event tree.

 

you need always to double check with js because removing pointer-events: none the element will be targettable even if it is eg. disabled.

 

Multi line hover effect is really cool. Thanks for sharing the tricks.

 

No problem, I really like the effect too! Hopefully some of them come in handy :)

 

Have been using CSS for a long time now and I had never come across sticky or user select none before!

Thanks for that ☺

 

You're welcome :)

I think for a while position sticky didn't have much browser support, but now it does other than IE11. At least because it's css, it doesn't break anything in IE11, it simply just doesn't stick!

 

Never ceases to amaze me how much "stuff" there is in CSS, it's endless. Implementing a CSS processing/browser rendering engine must be one of the most dauntingly complex pieces of engineering you can imagine.

 
 

I saw a statement recently that "CSS is the most complex programming language that exists" ... I don't know if it can really be considered a programming language (in the Turing sense), but it is really insanely complex, especially because of its long history and never ending evolution, which means that there are always at least half a dozen different ways to do something.

Anyway, some really great tips and techniques here, thanks for the article! "sticky" is especially a cool one, and the transition tip is simple but very useful.

 

The pseudo-selector background overlay is neat! Knew about pseudo-elements but never occurred to me to use them for the background overlay. Always added that extra inner div. Time to refactor!

The underline one was pretty cool too. Heck, they were all interesting in their own way.

Thanks for sharing Lynne

 

I'm glad it helped! These are things I've discovered along the way, thought it would be good to share :)

 

Pretty sure you're not supposed to prevent highlighting as thats there for people with disabilities.

 

When I had to use this it was to prevent the highlighting when you clicked multiple times on a carousel arrow really fast. I wouldn’t apply it to text or anything like that - I would have no reason to.

I can’t find much info on this specific property and accessibility issues, where did you find that information?

 

I am wrong. I was thinking of this: a11yproject.com/posts/never-remove.... As long as it still has an outline when it's focused you're safe.

It was worth checking again, considering how screenreaders work! Thanks for sharing the issue with removing the outline on focus 🙂

 

Can also be used to prevent selection of images by accident.

 
 

Thanks for the tipps!

Just starting out on Web Dev. I will copy your blending for the links this evening on my project :)

 
 
 

user-select was new to me, thanks for sharing this! :)

 

No problem, it was a strange one at the time, took a while to find a solution!

 

Here is a nice CSS tip (or CSS idea) for mobile design that a co-worker showed me today:

On mobile make your buttons wide so they're easy to click.

 
 
 

Beautiful! I was looking for these tips for a while now. Thanks!

 

a big thank you for the writer, i learned new things from this article.

 
 

wow, thank you so much for this article it came in handy, I learnt newer features of css.

 
 

Really love that multiline effect, thanks for sharing !

 

Hot tip:

transition: 0.2s;

=

transition: all 0.2s ease;

😁

 

This is awesome, I actually never saw proper text underline with hover, it works even when you change line-height and have more than 2 lines of text.

Thanks for sharing!

 
 
 

hey thanks i like the time delayed underline on hover

 

For that last one (prevent highlighting), if you're using bulma you can use the "is-unselectable" class.

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