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How do you select the most appropriate technological stack at the back-end of your application?

The decision is more challenging because it's challenging to determine which framework, language or runtime environment stack is superior to another, each with its strengths and disadvantages.
In specific projects, there are instances where different technologies can be utilized in conjunction. In other cases, it'd not be possible. It's the reason it's essential to be able to make an informed decision instead of relying on popular myths or the most straightforward method.
We'll take readers through the top well-known and widely-used back-end web technology to make this decision easier.
The technology stack comprises a collection of frameworks, programming languages, databases, libraries and other components required to build any software.
These components are put together to work in conjunction to create an entire application.

The stack in web design comprises:

The front end is often referred to as a "client-side. This is because it's the portion of the program that is displayed on the user's screens and accessible to them directly. The basic front-end technology stack comprises HTML, CSS, JavaScript, React and Angular frameworks.
Sometimes referred to as a server-side, the back-end remains hidden and isn't accessible to users. However, it is the backbone of the software. The most popular back-end components are programming languages like Ruby and Python frameworks, libraries, Ruby on Rails and Django, and JavaScript runtime environments like Node.js.

Full-stack developers can perform both back-end and front-end development.

What is the best way to select the right technology stack?

With this many options of various stack components, picking the best one isn't the most straightforward choice to make. The reason it is even more difficult is that the software employed to build the app can affect the app's performance and, consequently, could become one of the elements that determine its success.

However, the kind of app influences the choice of technology. If the decision isn't made correctly, this could result in the project's performance. There are plenty of other factors that can affect success or failure. However, technology may play a significant part.
All of this is especially challenging for new businesses or small-sized businesses with limited resources and smaller development teams that cannot be adept in every technology.
However, significant companies could confront the same issue much larger size.
In reality, a group's preferences could be a significant factor in making decisions. For example, if you decide to utilize a particular technology, you might change your mind after struggling to find a team that can work with it.
This issue can be addressed by collaborating with a company for software development.

What other factors should be considered?

• Dimension as well as the complexity of the project's complexity and size. Simple applications with deadlines, specifically MVPs, need different approaches than large apps with numerous functions. If you think that you might need to upgrade in the future, you should choose an open-ended stack that lets the possibility of growing.
• The kind that product. Booking systems, apps that require data, social networking apps streaming applications, CMS, IoT, marketplaces, FinTech apps and even simple MVPs are likely to need different platforms.
• Cost. Remember that some tools are free and open-source for commercial use. This is just one of the many benefits that open source provides the developers and those involved. Other devices are licensed and paid for. Furthermore, developers' prices differ about the technologies they're skilled in. The stacks considered as niches could be pricey. Also, keep in mind that this release isn't the final stage of development for the application - you will need to keep it up-to-date, maintain it and perhaps upgrade it.
We'll now look at the most well-known and extensively used back-end technology.
We'll help you understand the frameworks, programming languages, libraries, and other tools you need for creating an effective, robust, and fully functional application.
We've concentrated on the back-end since the choices are broader and more challenging to decide.

Programming language

Many programming languages are available, but Ruby, Python, and PHP are the most frequently utilized language for back-end development.


Although the rumours about its declining popularity are prevalent, it's still trendy in the back-end of programming. Ruby was developed around the middle of 1990s Japan in the mid-1990s by Yukihiro Matsumoto, who sought "an elegant and powerful language" that could delight developers by providing the developers with a language that's friendly to users, easy to master, and focuses on efficiency.
Ruby is an object-oriented, general-purpose, high-level programming language. Therefore, it is ideal for various web-based applications, like streaming or e-commerce applications, which must be built within a short timeframe.
It's the reason it's so popular with entrepreneurs, not only when they're required to make an MVP. Ruby is a preferred choice as a preferred choice by Airbnb, GitHub, Shopify, and others.


Python was developed by Guido van Rossum and released in the year 1991. Like Ruby, it's an object-oriented, general-purpose also a high-level programming language prevalent in web development.
What differentiates it is that it is more cautious and, generally, there's only one solution by using Python. It's clear and precise, yet it's relatively simple to master, which could be why Python is extremely popular in the scientific community and frequently taught at universities.
Python is widely used and is extensively utilized and favoured by giants like NASA, Google, Netflix, Spotify, Instagram, Reddit and many others. Alongside the most well-known framework, Django, it's safe to declare that Python dominates the web.


PHP (originally meant Personal Home Page, then changed its name as Hypertext Preprocessor) is an open-source server-side scripting programming language created around 1994 by Rasmus Lerdorf.
Then, shortly after its introduction, PHP grew massively popular and is now the main driver for more than 80% of all websites. This could be because the most well-known CMS, including WordPress, Joomla, and Drupal, was developed using PHP.
It is also extensively used in e-commerce, enabling WooCommerce and Shopify. Another reason PHP is so popular is the versatility of PHP, which can create simple landing pages as well as massive services such as Facebook.
According to the annual survey of StackOverflow, 30% of professional developers select the language as their preferred programming language.
PHP is typically a good option for web-based applications because it was developed specifically for the web and is compatible with front-end technologies such as HTML and CSS.
Frameworks Libraries, runtime environment, and libraries
Although Ruby, Python, and PHP are famous as back-end programming languages, they require the appropriate frameworks, libraries and runtime environments to guarantee success.

Ruby and Rails

Ruby on Rails (RoR) is a popular web framework. One of the main reasons for its popularity as a programming language is its simplicity. In addition, its guiding principle "convention over configurability" implies that Rails is a language with conventions and guidelines that make development speedier and more accessible.
There are many different methods to achieve the same result, and it is good and bad websites. The development process is highly adaptable and therefore more accessible, especially for those who aren't experienced in programming. However, it can be challenging to transfer the project to a fresh team member.
With Ruby on Rails, a significant amount of work occurs in the background. Because of this, the code is elegant; however, it can be more challenging to comprehend certain decisions that go behind it.
While Ruby on Rails faces decreasing popularity, similar to Ruby, its predecessor, the claims of its demise are grossly exaggerated.


Django is among the most well-known open-source Python frameworks, first released in 2005.
It began with its predecessor, the Lawrence Journal-World newspaper. The publishing business is where the developers need to manage a large amount of data and deadlines. Django is frequently referred to as the web framework designed for perfectionists and have deadlines. This is a perfect description of its mission.
Due to using the DRY (Don't Repetition Yourself) principle, Django reuses the already available code and concentrates on the new components making developers' work extremely fast.
Another benefit of Django is its security. This, along with other advantages, is one of the reasons Django is frequently used by FinTech applications such as data science, booking engines and even e-commerce.
It's also noted for its battery-powered features, which means that Django comes with libraries and high-quality tools available to utilize in various applications and environments.

It's no wonder that a myriad of products has been created with Django:
• Mozilla
• Instagram
• Pinterest
• Spotify
• National Geographic
• The Guardian
• Washington Post, to give a few examples.


Node.js is the most recent back-end technology discussed in this article. However, it could be the fascinating one.
In the beginning, Node.js had a much lower age than RoR and Django. Recently, this open-source and multi-platform JavaScript runtime environment celebrated its 10th birthday.
Ryan Dahl, its creator, sought to design websites that had real-time push capabilities. It was successful. Because of an I/O that isn't blocking (Input/Output) and the ability to handle several concurrent tasks can be taken on one thread.
In essence, a Node.js app is executed in a single thread that does not need to create a new line for each request, making apps extremely efficient.
Another benefit of Node.js is the possibility of creating apps using just one programming language (JavaScript is the most widely employed programming language used for a couple of years). This also allows the creation of an application using the same code for the client and server sides.
All of this is what makes Node.js extremely fast, efficient and adaptable, even in apps with a lot of data that require running across various devices (no surprise that Netflix and other streaming services use Node.js).
In addition to Netflix, Node.js has been picked to use PayPal, Trello, Walmart, eBay, Linkedin, and many other tech giants.

Selecting the Host

After you've decided on the technology you'd like to utilize for your website's back-end, you need to determine where you will host the website.

What is Web Hosting?

Before you decide on the right web hosting provider, it's essential to know the fundamentals of web hosting. Web hosting is the physical part of the internet. Every website you visit comprises images, apps, media, and other documents that occupy storage space. Although we often consider the internet as an entity beyond physical space, all of those files must be kept in a physical server.
To store all the content of your site and make it available to everyone who is visiting it physically, your server needs to handle a significant amount of power. For most website owners, managing this power server isn't feasible. This is where web hosting companies step in.
Web hosts control a massive number of servers with the capability to provide uninterrupted, reliable service for hundreds of websites. When you sign up to Host, you lease a portion of their servers. Then, a dedicated web hosting service sells the space and their knowledge and expertise to keep their technology up and running effectively and safely so that your website can run without issues.

What should you look at in a Hosting?

1. They have earned a good reputation in the field.

One of the most effective measures of a company in any sector is its reputation. If a company has consistently served customers well over time, the word spreads. However, how can you determine if an organization's reputation is?
Check for proof from sources other than a third party. For example, have they won any awards for web hosting from trusted organizations or websites? Do you have reviews about them in tech magazines? If yes, what do they have to say?

2. They will guarantee at the very least 99% of uptime.

If your site is designed for an organization, it costs your business money every time it's not accessible. Even if it's the kind of website you're trying to create to have fun with, you run the risk of developing a negative experience for users and losing their followers when they cannot access your site every time they want to visit.
The most important job the web hosting company performs is to ensure that your website stays functioning and accessible. Each web hosting company has to carry out periodic maintenance, which will temporarily shut down your site offline. If servers aren't well maintained, they can be overheated or even fail, which could mean that your site is unavailable more time.
One of the most significant elements in the performance of web hosting companies is their ability to handle the various issues that can cause your site to go offline. In the industry, the period during which an internet hosting company promises that its website will be up and running is known as uptime.
The most reliable web hosting firms typically promise at minimum 99% uptime. However, the most reliable web hosting companies are even more dependable, offering 99.9% uptime guaranteeing a refund.

3. They have a range of plans.

Now, you're searching for a hosting service that can provide the features you require right now. However, you've got big goals for your brand new website. You are hoping that the number of people who visit your site and who then return regularly to your site will increase over the next few years. Perhaps you're hoping to constantly produce new content to include on your website and also.
In any case, you'll need space to expand. Most new websites have all the features they require with a shared web hosting service. Still, as the website grows in both size and popularity, you'll eventually need to move towards cloud hosting, VPS hosting, or maybe even an individual hosting plan. If this time arrives, you'll have a more streamlined change if you stay with the hosting provider you pick right from the start. A change is less complicated than a complete switch to a new business.
Before you pick the exemplary hosting service for your needs, make sure you consider what you'll require for the next few years and then check whether your hosting provider can meet your future requirements and requirements.

4. They offer 24/7 customer support.

When you're awake all night working on those web solutions, you finally come to what you don't wish to do: come across an issue that you require help from customer support and discover you'll need to wait until morning for a reply.

5. The price is fair.

Web hosting is a must-have expense if you wish to create a website, but it doesn't mean it should be costly. Simple web hosting plans start as little as $3 per month. When choosing the best web hosting plan for your website, consider it's not an all-in-one expense. Web hosts utilize the model of subscription billing.
Be sure the price is one that you are comfortable with in the future and that it is to be in line with what you're paying for the plan. Although many new websites can succeed with the cheapest hosting, some may consider it worthwhile to pay more to get additional features and higher speeds. Sometimes, it's helpful, but be sure that the value of the plan is comparable to the cost.
We at NogaTech provide all of this and more via Our web hosting services. So if you are looking for top-of-the-line hosting services at a reasonable cost, NogaTech is the way.


We hope that this in-depth article has provided you with a thorough understanding of the various platforms, languages of programming and runtime environments utilized in the world of web hosting.
Then, it is now up to your own which are most appropriate for your website and application. We have also explained what you should be looking for when choosing a web hosting service provider.

If you've got any concerns or suggestions, feel free to write them down in the comment box below.
For more information on topics related to this, visit our website at NogaTech IT Solutions LLC, or contact us at + (808) 829 6213.

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