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Omkar Patil
Omkar Patil

Posted on • Originally published at omkarpatil.dev on

Allons-y !

I fancy myself as a bit of a polyglot when it comes to programming languages. I have used a few over the years. More recently, I have been playing with Go and I like what I see. The design decisions resonate with me - smaller surface area, structs with functions and interfaces, concurrency, cross-compilation, robust standard library and many such. Pretty soon, it will have generics too. While the benefits of generics could be a debatable topic, I think it certainly helps in one area - standard, robust implementation of most commonly used collections. Look the vast (and more often than not, sprawling 😃) Java collections API and you'll get my point.

When it comes to practising, I don't get a chance to use it in my day job. There is only so much you can do by reading books, blogs etc. and playing with small code snippets. I was thinking about how to get more familiar with the language and had an epiphany 😇 - why not walk through a production-grade Go codebase to understand the nitty-gritty of the practical usage and learn about common idioms.

That's where NATS.io comes in. In its own words:

#NATSio is a secure connective technology for modern distributed systems at the edge and in the cloud. #CNCF

I had been using it more and more recently and find it a great little, very fast message broker. It's written in Go and as such, a perfect candidate for broadening my Go and distributed systems knowledge.

Plan

Let's get the lay of the land 🧐.

~/work/ws/github/nats-server on  project via 🐹 v1.17.1 took 35s
❯ scc . --by-file --ci --exclude-dir vendor -i go --not-match test.go --sort name --no-cocomo --no-complexity
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Language Files Lines Blanks Comments Code
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Go 69 78689 7860 10873 59956
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
conf/fuzz.go 24 3 13 8
conf/lex.go 1214 94 159 961
conf/parse.go 437 49 61 327
internal/ldap/dn.go 305 14 15 276
logger/log.go 321 32 31 258
logger/syslog.go 132 19 28 85
logger/syslog_windows.go 112 18 23 71
main.go 122 12 19 91
server/accounts.go 4220 373 505 3342
server/auth.go 1135 80 169 886
server/ciphersuites.go 103 7 16 80
server/client.go 5233 541 960 3732
server/const.go 211 54 90 67
server/consumer.go 3147 330 405 2412
server/dirstore.go 706 50 54 602
server/disk_avail.go 38 4 16 18
server/disk_avail_openbsd.go 37 4 15 18
server/disk_avail_windows.go 21 3 14 4
server/errors.go 326 70 100 156
server/errors_gen.go 240 37 2 201
server/events.go 2189 185 288 1716
server/filestore.go 5498 631 680 4187
server/fuzz.go 47 7 13 27
server/gateway.go 3169 239 701 2229
server/jetstream.go 2172 231 220 1721
server/jetstream_api.go 3585 470 356 2759
server/jetstream_cluster.go 5033 537 450 4046
server/jetstream_errors.go 102 18 5 79
~jetstream_errors_generated.go 1706 324 226 1156
server/jetstream_events.go 257 38 48 171
server/jwt.go 224 11 26 187
server/leafnode.go 2555 244 492 1819
server/log.go 244 36 45 163
server/memstore.go 855 101 87 667
server/monitor.go 2664 219 254 2191
server/monitor_sort_opts.go 150 33 32 85
server/mqtt.go 4013 337 743 2933
server/nkey.go 46 6 18 22
server/ocsp.go 805 97 85 623
server/opts.go 4662 263 394 4005
server/parser.go 1270 30 63 1177
server/pse/pse_darwin.go 86 11 27 48
server/pse/pse_freebsd.go 85 8 61 16
~rver/pse/pse_freebsd_amd64.go 91 13 42 36
server/pse/pse_linux.go 127 20 25 82
server/pse/pse_openbsd.go 36 3 15 18
server/pse/pse_rumprun.go 25 4 14 7
server/pse/pse_solaris.go 23 3 13 7
server/pse/pse_windows.go 280 35 52 193
server/raft.go 3303 350 298 2655
server/reload.go 1822 192 305 1325
server/ring.go 77 9 23 45
server/route.go 2031 213 380 1438
server/sendq.go 128 14 14 100
server/server.go 3500 385 610 2505
server/service.go 28 4 16 8
server/service_windows.go 130 17 31 82
server/signal.go 177 14 28 135
server/signal_windows.go 105 14 16 75
server/store.go 441 43 56 342
server/stream.go 3566 379 378 2809
server/sublist.go 1534 136 206 1192
server/sysmem/mem_bsd.go 20 3 13 4
server/sysmem/mem_darwin.go 20 3 13 4
server/sysmem/mem_linux.go 27 4 13 10
server/sysmem/mem_windows.go 46 5 14 27
server/sysmem/sysctl.go 31 4 14 13
server/util.go 223 23 60 140
server/websocket.go 1397 100 215 1082
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total 69 78689 7860 10873 59956
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Processed 2195116 bytes, 2.195 megabytes (SI)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

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So, 69 source files and 59956 lines of code, that's it 😃!

Well, it won't be optimal going over each and every line. I'll divide it into major areas and will go over relevant source code in subsequent posts.

That's enough of an introduction 😃. I'm pretty excited about this. Stay tuned for more!

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