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Paul Kinlan
Paul Kinlan

Posted on • Originally published at on

Web Share Target API

I’m constantly worried that on the web platform we are creating unintended silos by making it harder to get data in and out of web sites and apps, more importantly I worry that the data only flows one way: from the web to apps, because apps can be in all the places that users expect them to be on their devices.

I was pretty pleased that Chrome started to work on the Share Target API that complements the work onnavigator.share. Where navigator.share lets you share information out of your web site to any app on the users device that can reciveve ‘shares’ (Intent.ACTION_SEND in Android parlance), the Web Share Target let’s your web site (or PWA) say ‘I want to play in that game too’.

The Web Share Target API is a small API that you define in your Web App Manifest. If you have ever used registerProtocolHandler you will see that it’s not a million miles away — you define a URL template that has a number of variables in that will be substituted when the user invokes the action.

First you create an ‘object’ property called share_target that contains one property called url_template that has the path that should be opened when the user chooses our service. On Android, you can use the three substitution names called:

  • {title} - equivelent to .title on navigator.share API, orIntent.EXTRA_SUBJECT from an Android Intent.
  • {text} - equivelent to .text on navigator.share API, orIntent.EXTRA_TEXT from an Android Intent.
  • {url} - equivelent to .url on navigator.share API, or the raw data from an Android Intent.

You can try this today by installing Twitter’s PWA. Twitter’s manifest is below:

    "name": "Twitter Lite",
    "share_target": {
        "url_template": "compose/tweet?title={title}&text={text}&url={url}"
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Right now there are some limitations:

  • You can only have one per manifest, that means in Twitter’s case they can’t have a ‘Share to DM’.
  • There are some extensions proposed such as a service worker event callednavigator.actions that will be triggered without having to open up a UI surface, but they are not implemented yet.
  • You can only share ‘text’, which means if you want to share a Blob of data you need to save that with a URL that would then be shared out.
  • It only works on Android
  • You have to have the PWA installed, so you can’t do a drive by registration of a share target.
  • It’s not standardised yet as part of the manifest spec. :/

Limitations aside, this is a rather amazing addition to the web platform that is the start of breaking down the huge barriers that the web with regards to integration on the host platforms.

If you want to track updates to this API, check out Chrome Status](

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