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Alexander Spitsyn
Alexander Spitsyn

Posted on • Originally published at

Testing external API integration with VCR gem

Suppose your application connects to an external service via API and you have a wrapper for this API that handles and parses response. The VCR gem gives you ability to store parsed response in a special format (cassetes). VCR makes a real request to the API for the first test run and writes it's response to the cassete for next test runnings.

First you need to set VCR configuration:

VCR.configure do |config|
  config.cassette_library_dir = "spec/vcr_cassettes"
  config.hook_into :webmock

And then write specs like the following:

RSpec.describe ExternalService do
  describe '#new_order' do
    let(:params) { { foo: 'bar' } }

    it 'creates new order' do
      VCR.use_cassette("external_service") do
        result = subject.new_order(params) # makes HTTP POST to an external service

        expect(result.successful?).to be_truthy
        expect( have_key('order_id')

See more details on the official page of the gem.

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