DEV Community


MPI for python, wrapping C++ code by swig

ziaeemehr profile image Ziaeemehr ・2 min read

There is a nice tutorial for mpi4py, but I think the wrapping C/C++ code with swig is not clear enough. So I introduce my implementation of the tutorial.
The header file contain the hello world example to print the rank of the process.

/* file: helloworld.hpp */
#include "mpi.h"

void sayhello(MPI_Comm comm)
    int size, rank;
    MPI_Comm_size(comm, &size);
    MPI_Comm_rank(comm, &rank);
    printf("Hello, World! "
            "I am process %d of %d.\n",
            rank, size);

swig interface code:

// file: helloworld.i
%module helloworld

#include "helloworld.hpp"

%include /usr/local/lib/python3.6/dist-packages/mpi4py/include/mpi4py/mpi4py.i
%mpi4py_typemap(Comm, MPI_Comm);

%include "helloworld.hpp"

How to compile:

swig -c++ -python helloworld.i  
mpiCC  -O2 -fPIC -c helloworld_wrap.cxx -I /usr/include/python3.6 -I /usr/local/lib/python3.6/dist-packages/mpi4py/include
mpiCC  -shared helloworld_wrap.o -o 

The first line produce a helloword_wrap.cxx file.
The second line make the object file helloworld_wrap.o.
and the at the final line shared library file is made.

How to use:

from mpi4py import MPI
import helloworld

$ mpirun -n 4 python3 
Hello, World! I am process 0 of 4.
Hello, World! I am process 1 of 4.
Hello, World! I am process 2 of 4.
Hello, World! I am process 3 of 4.

The get the files please refer to the GitHub directory.
To get more examples wrapping C++ codes using swig, please look at my github repository.

I hope it be helpful.


Editor guide