Here's a few basic commands for executing standalone java programs.
I have been a Java developer for almost 5 years but I rarely execute Java programs from command line and am not very fluent at it. I just thought I'll note it down here for myself and others.
javac -cp /project/classes -d /project/classes /path/to/File.java
-cp -> classpath - path where other compiled dependencies are present.
-d -> destination of the generated .class(bytecode) file from the operation.
java -cp /project/classes ClassFileName(or package.ClassFileName) arg1 arg2 ...
package.ClassFileName is required if the classpath contains sub-folder structure.
From Java 11, you can also specify a single source file and compilation and execution can be done in a single command.
This will not generate a .class file.
This works only if the source file contains all the source and does not require other compiled classes to run. E.g. a typical Hello world scenario
java /path/to/package/ClassFileName arg1 arg2 ...
javadoc -d /documentation/path -sourcepath /path/to/java/files -subpackages /path/to/root/package