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LeetCode in Ruby: 70. Climbing Stairs

algobot76 profile image Kaitian Xie Updated on ・1 min read

Dynamic Programming

def climb_stairs(n)
  p = 1
  q = 1

  (n - 1).times do
    temp = q
    q += p
    p = temp
  end

  q
end

This problem can be solved by using dynamic programming. We define f(n) as the number of ways you climb to the nth step from:

  1. one step from n-1th step or,
  2. two steps from n-2th steps.

Therefore, f(n) = f(n-1) + f(n-2), which is the same as the Fibonacci sequence. We have two bases cases: f(1) = 1 and f(2) = 2. The lines 4 and 5 are the first two numbers of the Fibonacci sequence. To get the nth number, we add up the numbers up to nth number. Here, we optimize the performance the just storing the previous two numbers.

Time complexity: O(n)

Extra memory: O(1)

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