DEV Community

Cover image for Automate Your Code Formatting with Prettier , Husky and Lint-Staged: A Complete Guide
Arindam Chowdhury
Arindam Chowdhury

Posted on • Updated on

Automate Your Code Formatting with Prettier , Husky and Lint-Staged: A Complete Guide

As developers, we all want our code to be consistent and easy to read. After all, we don't want to read badly formatted code written by others.

Gif description

However, when working in a team or on a large project, maintaining consistent code formatting can be a challenge. That's where Prettier and Husky come in.

Prettier is a popular code formatter that automatically formats code according to a set of rules. Husky is a popular Git hook manager that makes it easier to manage and configure Git. One can run scripts automatically before each commit, allowing developers to ensure that code is properly formatted before it is committed to the repository.

In this post, we'll walk through the steps of setting up Prettier and Husky to ensure consistent code formatting in your projects.

Setting up Prettier


The first step is to install the Prettier package in your project.

npm install --save-dev prettier
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Next, you'll need to create a configuration file for Prettier. This file should be named .prettierrc and should be located in the root directory of your project. Here's the one which I use mostly:

    "parser": "babel",
    "arrowParens": "avoid",
    "trailingComma": "es5",
    "singleQuote": true,
    "semi": false,
    "useTabs": true,
    "tabWidth": 2,
    "jsxSingleQuote": true
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

This configuration file specifies that Prettier sets options such as using Babel to parse the code, omitting parentheses when possible for arrow function parameters, using a trailing comma if allowed by the language, using single quotes for string literals and JSX attributes, omitting semicolons, using tabs for indentation, and setting the tab width to 2 spaces.

Setting Up Husky

Now that you've set up the Prettier configuration to format your code, it's time to set up Husky.

Step 1: Install Husky

First, you'll need to install Husky as a dev dependency in your project, as well as initialize it using husky-init.

npx husky-init && npm install
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

It will set up husky, modify package.json and create a sample pre-commit hook that you can edit. By default, it will run npm test when you commit.

Step 2:

Configure Husky to run lint-staged before committing.
Open this file .husky/pre-commit. You can remove npm test, if it's not required.

#!/usr/bin/env sh
. "$(dirname -- "$0")/_/"

npx --no-install lint-staged --allow-empty
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode
  • --allow-empty: By default, when linter tasks undo all staged changes, lint-staged will exit with an error and abort the commit. Use this flag to allow creating empty git commits.

Lint-staged will automatically run against staged files, and then add modifications to the commit as long as there are no errors. No need to do git add . anymore. 😌

Now, let's add this configuration to package.json

"husky": {
    "hooks": {
        "pre-commit": "lint-staged"
"lint-staged": {
    "*.{js,jsx}": [
        "npx prettier --config .prettierrc --write"
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

The line "*.{js,jsx}": ["npx prettier --config .prettierrc --write"] uses a glob pattern to select all .js and .jsx files and then applies the Prettier formatting command to update those files.


Now that you've set up Husky to run Prettier before each commit, you can test the setup by making changes to your code. Do git add . followed by git commit. Husky should automatically run lint-staged, which in turn will run Prettier before the commit is made, and you should see the changes reflected in the file.


Top comments (0)