Original post: Ubuntu 18.04 Upgrade Problem Resolutions
I recently upgraded my 3-year-old Lenovo X1 Carbon from Ubuntu 16.04 TLS to 18.04 LTS. I think I ran into the two most common upgrade issues, and since both of them are show-stoppers, I thought it would be worth sharing the resolutions that worked for me.
Here are the two problems:
- "Login Loop": After a valid authentication on the login screen, the display goes black momentarily, and then returns you to the login screen.
- systemd-udevd CPU usage: On my system, it consumed about 20% of the CPU. I've read that it can be much higher on other systems (like 100%).
Simple: From Software & Updates on the Updates tab, select 'For any new version':
After the next update, the Software Updater will offer the 18.04 upgrade option.
Just click on the
Upgrade... button and follow the instructions from there.
After the upgrade is complete, this problem will prevent you from logging in to a Gnome desktop. Use Alt-Ctrl-F2 to drop to a terminal and login. Execute the following:
$ sudo apt-get purge gdm* $ sudo apt-get purge lightdm $ sudo apt-get install lightdm $ sudo apt-get install nvidia-352Just removing
lightdmwas not sufficient to resolve this issue for me. Installation of the Nvidia driver (line 4) was the key. Later versions than nvidia-352 (like nvidia-384) will also probably work.
systemd-udevd CPU UsageNow that you can login to your desktop, you may notice high CPU usage. If
htopshow that systemd-udevd is the culprit, confirm that UDEV events are being generated with
udevadm. For me the output looked like this:
$ udevadm monitor monitor will print the received events for: UDEV - the event which udev sends out after rule processing KERNEL - the kernel uevent KERNEL[33.704228] add /module/nvidia (module) KERNEL[33.704784] add /kernel/slab/:0012288 (slab) KERNEL[33.705062] remove /kernel/slab/:0012288 (slab) UDEV [33.705332] add /kernel/slab/:0012288 (slab) UDEV [33.705659] remove /kernel/slab/:0012288 (slab) KERNEL[33.724214] remove /module/nvidia (module) KERNEL[33.755768] add /module/nvidia (module) KERNEL[33.756482] add /kernel/slab/:0012288 (slab) KERNEL[33.756764] remove /kernel/slab/:0012288 (slab) UDEV [33.757642] add /kernel/slab/:0012288 (slab) UDEV [33.757981] remove /kernel/slab/:0012288 (slab) KERNEL[33.772269] remove /module/nvidia (module) UDEV [33.792191] add /module/nvidia (module) UDEV [33.807097] remove /module/nvidia (module) KERNEL[33.830290] add /module/nvidia (module) ...
This can be resolved by stopping the systemd-udevd service:
$ sudo systemctl stop systemd-udevd systemd-udevd-control.socket systemd-udevd-kernel.socket
The CPU usage will drop and
udevadm stops reporting events.
If needed, the systemd-udevd service can be started again:
$ sudo systemctl start systemd-udevd systemd-udevd-control.socket systemd-udevd-kernel.socket
I found that the CPU issue did not re-appear after the service was restarted.
This is great, but you don't want to have to manually run a command every time you log into your system. Here is how to execute this command automatically at startup.
First, you need to be able to execute the
systemctl command as root without having to enter a password.
Create a script and set the correct permissions as follows:
$ echo 'systemctl stop systemd-udevd systemd-udevd-control.socket systemd-udevd-kernel.socket' > stop_systemd_udevd.sh $ sudo chown root.root stop_systemd_udevd.sh $ sudo chmod 4755 stop_systemd_udevd.sh
$ sudo visudo
and add the following line at the bottom (this is important) of the
bob ALL=(root) NOPASSWD: /home/bob/stop_systemd_udevd.sh
Of course, change bob and /home/bob as needed.
Now you should be able to run
$ sudo ./stop_systemd_udevd.sh
without being prompted for a password.
The last step is to add execution of this script when your system starts up. Use Startup Application Preferences and add the follow (change /home/bob, of course).
That should do it! Reboot your system and the systemd-udevd service should not be running.
Hope this helps. Enjoy!
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