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Keeping A Constructor Private

dehigas profile image Rajitha Prashan ・1 min read

In terms of inheritance,

When Class A has a private constructor, this private constructor is accessible only to those who have access to A’s private methods.
A’s inner classes and if A is an inner class of some class S, other inner classes of S have access to the private constructor.

So, A can be inherited by its own inner classes or S’s other inner classes.

To Achieve Singleton Pattern,

Singleton Pattern means that a single class is responsible for creating an object while making sure that only a single object gets created.

So to achieve this, the constructor must be private.

singleton pattern example

Singleton class creation

public class SingletonObject {

    private static SingletonObject singletonObject = new SingletonObject();

    // make the constructor private so that this class cannot be
    // instantiated
    private SingletonObject() {
    }

    // Get the only object available
    public static SingletonObject getInstance() {
        return singletonObject;
    }

    public void showMessage() {
        System.out.println("Singleton Pattern");
    }
}

Get object from singleton class

public class SingletonPatternEx {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        //Get the only object available
          SingletonObject object = SingletonObject.getInstance();

          //show the message
          object.showMessage();

    }

}

Output

Singleton Pattern

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Discussion

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Editor guide
 

The downside with this version of the singleton is it is not testable. You can't inject a mock to replace the SingletonObject. A good way to avoid this is to use the testable singleton pattern.

 

Thanks for the Tip! :D