DEV Community

loading...
Cover image for Passing data to components using props

Passing data to components using props

Eduardo Alvarez
Updated on ・3 min read

Props, a shorthand for properties, is a way to send information from a parent to a child. This allows components to look and behave differently based on properties that the parent sends.


Pre-requisites

Destructuring: A way to extract the keys from an Object for easier use in JavaScript. (watch from 1:05)


Intended result

This is what we are going to have by the end of the article.
Alt Text
Figure 1: A webpage with the 3 copies of the same component, but with different titles and pictures.

Alt Text
Figure 2: The app hierarchy chart. Note that we are sending the title and the picture from App.jsx to each copy of MyComponent.jsx.


Getting started

In order to pass props, we need to modify the component that sends information called the parent, and the component that receives the information called the child.

  1. Pass props from the parent
  2. Receive and use the props in the children

 

Pass props from the parent:

// App.jsx

import MyComponent from "./components/MyComponent";

// Images
import DogPicture from "./images/dog.jpg";
import CatPicture from "./images/cat.jpg";
import BirdPicture from "./images/cat-food.jpg";

export default function App() {
  return (
    <div className="App">
      <MyComponent title="Puppy" picture={DogPicture} />
      <MyComponent title="Whiskers" picture={CatPicture} />
      <MyComponent title="Birdie" picture={BirdPicture} />
    </div>
  );
}
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Let's analyze the code line by line:

  1. Add a property to the instance of the component. In this example, title with the value "Puppy".
  2. If you want to use images, you need to import them first.

 

Receive and use the props in the children:

// MyComponent.jsx

export default function MyComponent({ title, picture }) {
  return (
    <div className="my-component">
      <h2>{title}</h2>
      <img src={picture} />
    </div>
  );
}
Enter fullscreen mode Exit fullscreen mode

Let's analyze the code line by line:

  1. Put the props send from the parent as arguments in the function parameters. Note that the props are wrapped around curly braces {} This is called destructuring. Watch the pre-requisites video for more information.
  2. To show the text put the property inside the tags <h2>{title}</h2>.
  3. To add a property to a tag, use the syntax src={picture}

Alt Text


Conclusions

You are close to finish the contents of the first day of React. Take a pause and practice what you have learned so far before going to the last article of the day.

Seriously, take a break. You have achieve a lot so far. But for the next topic I need you well rested in order to absorb a lot of new information. So take a break, then practice what we have done so far and then open the last link of the day.

If want can to see the finished code, open this link and open the branch passing-props.

Finally, this is the TLDR (To Long Didn't Read) version of this article.
Alt Text


Credits:

Discussion (0)