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NPM Cheat Sheet

Ganesh Shinde
・2 min read

This cheat sheet includes commands which will help you while using NPM packages and modules.
Don't worry about remembering all these NPM commands, Take a look at this cheat sheet whenever required.πŸ˜‰
Now go ahead and create something awesome.😎

Table of Contents

Get Version

npm -v

npm --version
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Get Help

npm

npm help
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Create package.json

npm init

# Below commands will create package.json file with default values
npm init -y

npm init --yes
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Set Defaults

npm config set init-author-name 'YOUR NAME'

npm config set init-license 'MIT'
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Get Defaults

npm config get init-author-name

npm config get init-license
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Remove Defaults

npm config delete init-author-name

npm config delete init-license
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Install Packages

Globally

npm install -g package-name
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Production dependency

npm install --save package-name
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Development dependency

npm install --save-dev package-name
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Install Certain Version

Globally

npm install -g package-name@package-version
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Production dependency

npm install --save package-name@package-version
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Development dependency

npm install --save-dev package-name@package-version
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Update Packages

Globally

npm update -g package-name
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Production dependency

npm update --save package-name
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Development dependency

npm update --save-dev package-name
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Remove Packages

Globally

npm uninstall -g package-name
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Production dependency

npm uninstall --save package-name
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Development dependency

npm uninstall --save-dev package-name
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Move to Another Folder

NPM stores installed packages inside node_modules folder.
Most people usually doesn't share node_modules folder along with their code, because you can easily install all the NPM packages they have used using below commands.

Install production and development dependencies.

npm install
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Install production dependencies only.

npm install --production
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Find Root Folder

Globally

npm root -g
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Locally

npm root
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List Packages

Globally

npm list -g

npm list -g --depth 0

npm list -g --depth 1
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Locally

npm list

npm list --depth 0

npm list --depth 1
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NPM Scripts

Define scripts in package.json file.

"scripts": {
  "start": "node index.js",
  "script-name":"command-to-run"
}
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Run scripts

# Only "start" script will execute without run command
npm start

npm run script-name
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Package Version

Find below, What package version with different symbols (*, ~, ^) represents in package.json file.

Version Result
"*" Install package with latest version
"4.17.3" Install package with exact version
"~4.17.3" Install package with latest patch update (Highlighted part gets updated)
"^4.17.3" Install package with latest minor update (Highlighted part gets updated)

Most Preferred

"package-name": "^4.17.3"
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