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Cover image for HTML Cheat Sheet πŸ”₯ - The Most Useful HTML Tags πŸš€

HTML Cheat Sheet πŸ”₯ - The Most Useful HTML Tags πŸš€

garvitmotwani profile image Garvit Motwani ・Updated on ・4 min read

Hey Devs, This is the most complete and well-structured HTML cheatsheet you can find online!!

So let's start.

Basic Tags

<html> </html> - Creates an HTML document

<head> </head> - Sets off the title & other info that isn't displayed

<body> </body> - Sets off the visible portion of the document

<title> </title> - Puts name of the document in the title bar; when
bookmarking pages, this is what is bookmarked

Formatting

<p> </p> - Creates a new paragraph

<br> - Inserts a line break (carriage return)

<blockquote> </blockquote> - Puts content in a quote - indents text from both sides

<div> </div> - Used to format block content with CSS

<span> </span> Used to format inline content with CSS

Body attributes

<body bgcolor="?"> - Sets background color, using a name or hex value

<body text="?"> - Sets text color, using name or hex value

<body link="?"> - Sets color of links, using name or hex value

<body vlink="?"> - Sets the color of visited links, using a name or hex value

<body alink="?"> - Sets the color of active links (while mouse-clicking)

Lists

<ul> </ul> - Creates an unordered list

<ol start=?> </ol> - Creates an ordered list (start=xx, where xx is a counting number)

<li> </li> - Encompasses each list item

<dl> </dl> - Creates a definition list

<dt> - Precedes each definition term

<dd> - Precedes each definition

Text Tags

<pre> </pre> - Creates preformatted text

<h1> </h1> --> <h6> </h6> - Creates headlines -- H1=largest, H6=smallest

<b> </b> - Creates bold text (should use instead)

<i> </i> - Creates italicized text (should use instead)

<tt> </tt> - Creates typewriter-style text

<code> </code> - Used to define source code, usually monospace

<cite> </cite> - Creates a citation, usually processed in italics

<address> </address> - Creates address section, usually processed in italics

<em> </em> - Emphasizes a word (usually processed in italics)

<strong> </strong> - Emphasizes a word (usually processed in bold)

<font size=?> </font> - Sets size of font - 1 to 7 (should use CSS instead)

<font color=?> </font> - Sets font color (should use CSS instead)

<font face=?> </font> - Defines the font used (should use CSS instead)

Graphical elements

<hr> - Inserts a horizontal rule

<hr size=?> - Sets size (height) of horizontal rule

<hr width=?> - Sets width of rule (as a % or absolute pixel length)

<hr noshade> - Creates a horizontal rule without a shadow

<img src="URL" /> - Adds image; it is a separate file located at the URL

<img src="URL" align=?> - Aligns image left/right/center/bottom/top/middle (use CSS)

<img src="URL" border=?> - Sets size of border surrounding image (use CSS)

<img src="URL" height=?> - Sets height of image, in pixels

<img src="URL" width=?> - Sets width of image, in pixels

<img src="URL" alt=?> - Sets the alternate text for browsers that can't process images (required by the ADA)

Links

<a href="URL">clickable text</a> - Creates a hyperlink to a Uniform Resource Locator

<a href="mailto:EMAIL_ADDRESS">clickable text</a> - Creates a hyperlink to an email address

<a name="NAME"> - Creates a target location within a document

<a href="#NAME">clickable text</a> - Creates a link to that target location

Forms

<form> </form> - Defines a form

<select multiple name=? size=?> </select> - Creates a scrolling menu. Size sets the number of menu items visible before user needs to scroll.

<select name=?> </select> - Creates a pulldown menu

<option> - Sets off each menu item

<textarea name=? cols="x" rows="y"></textarea> - Creates a text box area. Columns set the width; rows set the height.

<input type="checkbox" name=? value=?> - Creates a checkbox.

<input type="checkbox" name=? value=? checked> - Creates a checkbox which is pre-checked.`

<input type="radio" name=? value=?> - Creates a radio button.

<input type="radio" name=? value=? checked> - Creates a radio button which is pre-checked.

<input type="text" name=? size=?> - Creates a one-line text area. Size sets length, in characters.

<input type="submit" value=?> - Creates a submit button. Value sets the text in the submit button.

<input type="image" name=? src=? border=? alt=?> - Creates a submit button using an image.

<input type="reset"> - Creates a reset button

HTML5 input tag attributes

<input type="email" name=?> - Sets a single-line textbox for email addresses

<input type="url" name=?> - Sets a single-line textbox for URLs

<input type="number" name=?> - Sets a single-line textbox for a number

<input type="range" name=?> - Sets a single-line text box for a range of numbers

<input type="date/month/week/time" name=?> - Sets a single-line text box with a calendar showing the date/month/week/time

<input type="search" name=?> - Sets a single-line text box for searching

<input type="color" name=?> - Sets a single-line text box for picking a color

Tables

<table> </table> - Creates a table

<tr> </tr> - Sets off each row in a table

<td> </td> - Sets off each cell in a row

<th> </th> - Sets off the table header (a normal cell with bold, centered text)

Table attributes

<table border=?> - Sets the width of the border around table cells

<table cellspacing=?> - Sets the amount of space between table cells

<table cellpadding=?> - Sets the amount of space between a cell's border and its contents

<table width=?> - Sets the width of the table in pixels or as a percentage

<tr align=?> - Sets alignment for cells within the row (left/center/right)

<td align=?> - Sets alignment for cells (left/center/right)

<tr valign=?> - Sets vertical alignment for cells within the row (top/middle/bottom)

<td valign=?> - Sets vertical alignment for cell (top/middle/bottom)

<td rowspan=?> - Sets number of rows a cell should span (default=1)

<td colspan=?> - Sets the number of columns a cell should span

<td nowrap> - Prevents lines within a cell from being broken to fit


Also, Check Out @devlorenzo article on this topic:

Hope this helped and thanks for reading!

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Discussion (7)

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cchana profile image
Charanjit Chana

20 years or more of writing HTML and I’ve never come across those body attributes before! 🀯

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garvitmotwani profile image
Garvit Motwani Author

Actually you should not use them usually because CSS is there and it is more advanced than these attributes

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cchana profile image
Charanjit Chana

That’s true, but I can think of a few cases where this would be really useful. Generating HTML reports at my last work place is the one that comes to mind.

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garvitmotwani profile image
Garvit Motwani Author

Sometimes these are useful in newsletters

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shivabhusal profile image

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