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Object destructuring in JavaScript

Hidayt Rahman
I am passionate programmer and love travelling and photography
・1 min read

Object destructuring in JavaScript

Object destructuring is a useful JavaScript feature to extract properties from objects and bind them to variables. What’s better, object destructuring can extract multiple properties in one statement, can access properties from nested objects, and can set a default value if the property doesn’t exist.

Normally, we access objects with the key. Nothing new :)

object.key
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Let’s have quick look at the example below:

// object (Literal)
var user = {
    name: "Hidayt",
    city: "Delhi",
    type: "Admin"
}
console.log(user.name); // Hidayt
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We have a user object which contains user info (name, city, type). We will be using this example for object destructuring.

Object destructuring

Let’s use object destructuring and Destructuring the object into our variables.

// object destructuring
var {name, city, type} = user;
// access as a normal variable
console.log(name); // Hidayt
console.log(city); // Delhi
console.log(type); // Admin
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You can access name directly instead of user.name

Now it can be accessible as a normal variable.

Destructuring makes code tidy and easy to access.

Discussion (7)

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yuvgeek profile image
Yuvaraj

Here's my article on Object Destructuring in depth : dev.to/yuvgeek/use-object-destruct...

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hidaytrahman profile image
Hidayt Rahman Author

Thank you for sharing :)

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enriquesource profile image
EnriqueSource

Thanks.

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hidaytrahman profile image
Hidayt Rahman Author

I'am glad you liked it :)

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rogerioviana profile image
Rogerio Viana

Nice post

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vishalraj82 profile image
Vishal Raj

Here is my detailed article on ES6 destructuring. Might throw more light on the topic.

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hidaytrahman profile image
Hidayt Rahman Author

Thank you for sharing. Hope people will jump for the depth knowledge