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Deploying your Spring boot to Heroku

In this tutorial, you will learn how to use Spring Boot to develop RESTful API and publish your API to Heroku. First, we will build the api; upon completion, we will deploy to Heroku.

Photo by Fabian Grohs on Unsplash

Introduction to REST

RESTful API or web service is an application programming interface using HTTP request types: GET, POST, DELETE and PUT to perform actions on data. It is generally preferred to its closest alternative Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP) because it requires less resources. By writing APIs that adhere to RESTful practices, you are agreeing to adopt an architectural style of representing, requesting, storing data and deleting data.

GET: It is used for requesting data. You can request for a single item or list of items

PUT: It is used for updating an item.

POST: It is used for creating an item

DELETE: It is used for deleting an item.

Tools used in the tutorial

IDE: IntelliJ
Framework: Spring Boot
Dependency: Spring boot starter web
Build Tool: Maven
Language: Java
Hosting platform: Heroku

The Spring boot starter web contains everything needed to bootstrap an app such as an embedded server. Tomcat is the default.

If you don’t have a Heroku account, you may sign up using this link

What are we building?

Imagine we have a bucket list of places we wish to travel to or visit in our lifetime. I hope you do. We would create an app for adding, editing, viewing and deleting items in our bucket list. In this tutorial, we will be using a non-persistent DB (ArrayList); if you want a persistent store, comment below as we have another tutorial for that.

Section 1

  1. Head over to and provide the group and artifact name for your app.It is a Maven project written in Java and the dependency is Web.

  2. The only dependency needed is the Web dependency.

  3. Click on generate project

  4. Extract to your computer and import the downloaded maven project to your favourite Editor

  5. Open extracted folder in your editor.

selection on

Time to write some code

We need to create two Java classes. One will serve as a controller for receiving request and responding with response. The second will serve as a data model.

Data Model(BucketList)

package com.zerotoproduction.firstrest;

public class BucketList {

private long id;
private String name;

BucketList(long id, String name){ = id; = name;

public long getId() {
    return id;

public void setId(long id) { = id;

public String getName() {
    return name;

public void setName(String name) { = name;


package com.zerotoproduction.firstrest;

import org.springframework.http.ResponseEntity;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.*;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.concurrent.atomic.AtomicLong;

public class BucketListController {

private List<BucketList> myBucketList = new ArrayList();
private final AtomicLong counter = new AtomicLong();

public BucketListController(){
    myBucketList.add(new BucketList(counter.incrementAndGet(), "Visit Colosseum in Rome"));

@GetMapping(value = "/")
public ResponseEntity index() {
    return ResponseEntity.ok(myBucketList);

@GetMapping(value = "/bucket")
public ResponseEntity getBucket(@RequestParam(value="id") Long id) {
    BucketList itemToReturn = null;
    for(BucketList bucket : myBucketList){
        if(bucket.getId() == id)
            itemToReturn = bucket;

    return ResponseEntity.ok(itemToReturn);

@PostMapping(value = "/")
public ResponseEntity addToBucketList(@RequestParam(value="name") String name) {
    myBucketList.add(new BucketList(counter.incrementAndGet(), name));
    return ResponseEntity.ok(myBucketList);

@PutMapping(value = "/")
public ResponseEntity updateBucketList(@RequestParam(value="name") String name, @RequestParam(value="id") Long id) {
    myBucketList.forEach(bucketList ->  {
        if(bucketList.getId() == id){
    return ResponseEntity.ok(myBucketList);

@DeleteMapping(value = "/")
public ResponseEntity removeBucketList(@RequestParam(value="id") Long id) {
    BucketList itemToRemove = null;
    for(BucketList bucket : myBucketList){
        if(bucket.getId() == id)
            itemToRemove = bucket;

    return ResponseEntity.ok(myBucketList);

As an addendum, although it is not required, you can specify a port for running your apps. If you do not specify a port, it uses port 8080 by default. I have specified my port to be 9009 in the application properties file like so:


Let us test our apis locally using Postman

To get all items in bucketlist, I am using this url like so:


You ought to change the port number to what you have specified locally.

You should see a response similar to the one below
All buckets

To add an item, we specify the name in the url like so:
localhost:9009?name=Visit Big Ben

We have added “Visit Big Ben”
Add buckets

To view a single item in bucket list
localhost:9009?name=Visit Big Ben

view buckets

To edit an item, we specify the id and new name in the url like so:

localhost:9009?id=2&name=Visit Kensington Palace
Add buckets

We just changed name of the second item in our bucket list from visit big ben to Visit Kensington Palace.

To remove an item, we specify the id

Remove buckets

Section 2: Time to deploy to Heroku

You need to create an account on Heroku
Install Heroku Cli. Heroku CLI is a command line application that lets you     create, deploy and manage Heroku apps from the command line. 
You can download Heroku CLI from Heroku Dev Center.
Login using your email and password

Set up Git and create a Heroku app
git init
git add .
git commit -m "initial commit"
heroku login

Now, create an app using heroku create like so

heroku create

Deploy app to Heroku

git push heroku master

Our app has been deployed to Heroku now

Let’s test again but you must remove the localhost and port with the url given by heroku.

For example, to get all items in our bucket list, we use

and to get an item we use

That wraps up our tutorial today.

To follow the full series on building, securing and deploying Spring Boot Rest Api, visit our blog:

Contact us via email on:

The code for this tutorial is available on Github.

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