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Raphael MANSUY
Raphael MANSUY

Posted on • Originally published at elitizon.com on

How to create and publish a typescript module on npmjs.com

This tutorial explains

  • How to configure a typescript package from zero
  • How to add the support of Jest for the unit tests
  • How to generate the tests coverage
  • How to publish the library in npmjs.com

Let's create a simple library to validate emails and IPv4 addresses. The name of this library will be xanthe.

️Xanthe means β€œgolden” or β€œyellow” in Greek. Xanthe is an exotic epithet of Demeter, goddess of the harvest and agriculture πŸ‡¬πŸ‡·πŸ§šβ€β™€

Create a package.json file

{
  "name": "xanthe",
  "version": "0.0.1",
  "author": {
    "email": "contact@elitizon.com",
    "name": "elitizon"
  },
  "license": "MIT",
  "description": "A library to validate common formats such as emails, numbers, phone numbers, and IP addresses",
  "contributors": [
    "raphaelmansuy"
  ],
  "keywords": [
    "format",
    "validator",
    "email validation",
    "IP address validation"
  ],
  "dependencies": {},
  "devDependencies": {}
}

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Install typescript as a development dependencies

yarn add -D typescript @types/node
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@types/node contains type definitions for Node.js
typescript contains the typescript compiler

Create the src and test directory

mkdir src
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mkdir tests
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Install a testing environment

Install Jest as a development dependency

Jest is a testing library developed by Facebook.

yarn add -D jest ts-jest
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Create a jest.config.js file to configure Jest

module.exports = {
  transform: {'^.+\\.ts?$': 'ts-jest'},
  testEnvironment: 'node',
  testRegex: '/tests/.*\\.(test|spec)?\\.(ts|tsx)$',
  moduleFileExtensions: ['ts', 'tsx', 'js', 'jsx', 'json', 'node']
}
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  • All the files ending by .ts will be handled by ts-jest.
  • The test environment is nodejs
  • The test files are contained in the ./tests directory and must have .test. or .spec. in the filename and must end by .ts or .tsx

Create a script section in the package.json file

  "scripts": {
    "build": "tsc",
    "test": "yarn build && jest",
    "coverage": "jest --coverage"
  },
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  • build: invoke the typescript transpiler
  • test: build and invoke the tests
  • coverage: generate the tests coverage in the coverage directory

Create a tsconfig.json file to configure typescript

{
  "compilerOptions": {
    "target": "es5" ,
    "module": "commonjs",
    "outDir": "./build",
    "strict": true,
    "esModuleInterop": true ,
    "skipLibCheck": true,
    "forceConsistentCasingInFileNames": true,
    "declaration": true
  },
  "exclude": ["node_modules", "build", "tests"]
}
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The build command will generate the CommonJS files in the ./build/ directory

Creation of validations functions

Create a file email.ts in ./src/validators/ directory


/**
 * @param email to validate. No spaces or tab are allowed at the start or at the end of the string
 * @returns true of false if the email is valid or not
 */
function isEmail(email: string) : boolean {
  // An email address is a word followed by an unique @ followed by a word then a . followed by a word with a length of 2 to 3 characters
  const regEx = /^\w+([\.-]?\w+)*@\w+([\.-]?\w+)*(\.\w{2,3})+$/
  const result = regEx.test(email)
  return result
}


export {
  isEmail
}
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Create a file ipV4.js in ./src/validators/ directory


/**
 * @param ip to validate. (No spaces or tab are allowed at the start or at the end of the string)
 * @returns true of false if the IP is valid or not
 */
function isIPv4(ip: string) : boolean {
  // An ip V4 address has the form of X.X.X.X
  // Where X is a number between 0 to 255
  const regEx = /^(25[0-5]|2[0-4][0-9]|[01]?[0-9][0-9]?)\.(25[0-5]|2[0-4][0-9]|[01]?[0-9][0-9]?)\.(25[0-5]|2[0-4][0-9]|[01]?[0-9][0-9]?)\.(25[0-5]|2[0-4][0-9]|[01]?[0-9][0-9]?)$/
  const result = regEx.test(ip)
  return result
}


export {
  isIPv4
}
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Create a file index.ts in ./src/

import { isEmail } from "./validators/email"
import { isIPv4 } from "./validators/ipv4"

export { isEmail, isIPv4 }
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Our module is now nearly ready. Let's create the unit tests.

Creation of unit tests

Create an email.test.ts in ./src/tests directory

import { isEmail } from "../src/index"

test("email luc@perdu.com valid", () => {
  expect(isEmail("luc@perdu.com")).toBe(true)
})

test("Empty string not valid", () => {
  expect(isEmail("")).toBe(false)
})

test("No double @ in an email", () => {
  expect(isEmail("martin@toto@titi.com")).toBe(false)
})

test("not trimmed email to be false", () => {
  expect(isEmail(" luc@perdu.com ")).toBe(false)
})

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Create the ipV4.test.ts in ./src/tests/ directory

import { isIPv4 } from "../src"

test("192.168.0.1 is valid", () => {

    expect(isIPv4("192.168.0.1")).toBe(true)
})

test("1920.168.0.1 is not valid", () => {

  expect(isIPv4("1920.168.0.1")).toBe(false)
})

test("192.1682.0.1 is not valid", () => {

  expect(isIPv4("192.1682.0.1")).toBe(false)
})

test("192.168.256.1 is not valid", () => {

  expect(isIPv4("192.168.256.1")).toBe(false)
})

test("192.168.255.500 is not valid", () => {

  expect(isIPv4("192.168.255.500")).toBe(false)
})

test("192.168.255.255 is valid", () => {
  expect(isIPv4("192.168.255.255")).toBe(true)
})

test("192.168.X.255 is valid", () => {
  expect(isIPv4("192.168.X.255")).toBe(false)
})

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Let's compile and tests

yarn build
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yarn test
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Execute the tests coverage

yarn coverage
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A coverage has been generated with all the information about the tests coverage

Creation of git repository

Create of a .gitignore file

node_modules
build
coverage
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run git init

git init
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add the files

git *
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commit the files

git commit -m "First commit"
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Publish the file to a Github repository

An empty Github project must be created before publishing.

The file package.json need to be updated as follow:

  "repository": {
    "url": "https://github.com/myorganisation/xanthe.git",
    "type": ""
  },
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myorganisation represents your Github account

We can now set up the Github project as a remote representation of the local project and push the local master branch to the remote server (origin).

git remote add origin`https://github.com/myorganisation/xanthe.git
git branch -M master
git push -u origin master
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Publish to npmjs.org

An account must be created before publishing a package in the npm registry.

  • Once the account is created you need to log into
npm login
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  • Enter your username, password, and email address registered on npmjs.org

  • Add a new file .npmignore to exclude some files from the publication

README.md
TUTORIAL.md
jest.config.json
tests/
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  • We can now publish it to the library at npmjs.org
yarn publish
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A few questions will be asked such as the new version number 0.0.1

And "voilΓ ". Our components are published and visible πŸ₯³

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